Open Access

Effects of music therapy accompanied by transcranial direct current stimulation on the recovery from aphasia following stroke: A single‑center retrospective cohort study

  • Authors:
    • Aikaterini Aravantinou‑fatorou
    • Vasiliki Epameinondas Georgakopoulou
    • Demetrios A. Spandidos
    • Petros Papalexis
    • Kyriakos Tarantinos
    • Nikolaos Mathioudakis
    • Serafeim Chlapoutakis
    • Nikolaos Trakas
    • Pagona Sklapani
    • George Fotakopoulos
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: November 16, 2022     https://doi.org/10.3892/wasj.2022.177
  • Article Number: 42
  • Copyright: © Aravantinou‑fatorou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Aphasia is the difficulty in reproducing or understanding speech, and affects 21‑38% of patients with stroke immediately after onset. In addition, disregarding improvement in the first weeks after stroke, ~20% of patients present with chronic deficiencies 6 months later. Consequently, speech and language therapy appears to be the optimal choice of treatment for chronic aphasia. The present study aimed to systematically investigate the effects of experimental/traditional music therapy (MT) in combination with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on improving aphasia in patients following a stroke in regular stroke rehabilitation services. For this purpose, 98 eligible participants who had suffered a single cerebrovascular accident were divided into three groups as follows: Group A, no MT or tDCS (only standard treatment); group B, daily MT; group C, combined treatment with daily MT and tDCS at a 1:1.21:1.28 ratio for the three groups, respectively. Statistically significant differences between groups were found either in terms of the interval of the Aachen Aphasia Test [(T1‑T0) mean] (P<0.05) or in terms of the mean cerebral blood flow in the damaged regions (P=0.042), the mean mini‑mental test (P<0.05) and the mean Barthel index (P=0.004). On the whole, the present study demonstrates that following a stroke, recovery from aphasia can by promoted by a regular exercise, training and rehabilitation program, as well as an improved acoustic environment and tDCS.

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November-December 2022
Volume 4 Issue 6

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Spandidos Publications style
Aravantinou‑fatorou A, Georgakopoulou VE, Spandidos DA, Papalexis P, Tarantinos K, Mathioudakis N, Chlapoutakis S, Trakas N, Sklapani P, Fotakopoulos G, Fotakopoulos G, et al: Effects of music therapy accompanied by transcranial direct current stimulation on the recovery from aphasia following stroke: A single‑center retrospective cohort study. World Acad Sci J 4: 42, 2022
APA
Aravantinou‑fatorou, A., Georgakopoulou, V.E., Spandidos, D.A., Papalexis, P., Tarantinos, K., Mathioudakis, N. ... Fotakopoulos, G. (2022). Effects of music therapy accompanied by transcranial direct current stimulation on the recovery from aphasia following stroke: A single‑center retrospective cohort study. World Academy of Sciences Journal, 4, 42. https://doi.org/10.3892/wasj.2022.177
MLA
Aravantinou‑fatorou, A., Georgakopoulou, V. E., Spandidos, D. A., Papalexis, P., Tarantinos, K., Mathioudakis, N., Chlapoutakis, S., Trakas, N., Sklapani, P., Fotakopoulos, G."Effects of music therapy accompanied by transcranial direct current stimulation on the recovery from aphasia following stroke: A single‑center retrospective cohort study". World Academy of Sciences Journal 4.6 (2022): 42.
Chicago
Aravantinou‑fatorou, A., Georgakopoulou, V. E., Spandidos, D. A., Papalexis, P., Tarantinos, K., Mathioudakis, N., Chlapoutakis, S., Trakas, N., Sklapani, P., Fotakopoulos, G."Effects of music therapy accompanied by transcranial direct current stimulation on the recovery from aphasia following stroke: A single‑center retrospective cohort study". World Academy of Sciences Journal 4, no. 6 (2022): 42. https://doi.org/10.3892/wasj.2022.177