Effect of recombinant adeno‑associated virus expressing calcitonin gene‑related peptide on chick embryo umbilical artery vasospasm model
- Yongjie Yuan
- Si Yang
- Chao Li
- Kan Xu
- Jinlu Yu
Published online on: November 1, 2017
Copyright: © Yuan et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
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In the present study, a recombinant adeno‑associated virus vector containing the calcitonin gene related peptide gene (rAAV‑CGRP) was constructed and the therapeutic effect of rAAV‑CGRP on a chick umbilical artery vasospasm model induced by chick embryo allantoic cavity hemorrhage was investigated. Fresh specific pathogen‑free fertilized chicken eggs were randomly divided into a rAAV‑CGRP group, an empty vector virus (AAV) group, and a control group, with 24 eggs in each group. An umbilical arterial vasospasm model was established using a needle puncture method on a vein in the chorioallantoic membrane to induce a hemorrhage in the allantoic cavity of 11‑day‑old chicken embryonated eggs. A total of 24 h after model establishment, 1 ml of rAAV‑CGRP and empty vector virus solution of rAAV‑CGRP and empty vector virus solution was, respectively, injected into the allantoic cavity in the rAAV‑CGRP and AAV groups. Experimental results showed that after 72 h of model establishment, the mortality rates of the 3‑, 5‑ and 7‑day subgroups in the rAAV‑CGRP group were lower than in the subgroups of the AAV injection group. After 3, 5 and 7 days of model establishment in the rAAV‑CGRP group, the cross‑sectional area of the inner diameter of the umbilical arteries was larger than that of the AAV group; the vessel wall thicknesses of the rAAV‑CGRP group were thinner than in the AAV group. In addition, the concentration of CGRP in chick embryo allantoic fluid significantly increased and was several times higher than in the AAV group (P<0.05). In conclusion, administration of rAAV‑CGRP through the allantoic cavity may increase the viability of a vasospasm model induced by chick allantoic cavity hemorrhage, significantly improve umbilical artery vasospasm, and increase CGRP expression in the chick embryo allantoic cavity. This approach also provides a novel experimental model for identifying other target genes for the gene therapy of vasospasm.