Expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in umbilical vascular of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus and the clinical significance
- Fei Teng
- Jinfang Wu
- Min Wei
- Yongxiu Yang
Published online on: November 9, 2017
Copyright: © Teng et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in umbilical vascular of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and the clinical significance. A total of 103 pregnant women with GDM were selected in the First Hospital of Lanzhou University and the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2016 to December 2016 as GDM group. At the same time, 106 normal pregnant women were selected as control group. i) General information of the two groups of pregnant women including age, gestational age, gravida, parity, BMI, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were compared; ii) the laboratory indicators of the two groups of pregnant women including fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), umbilical cord arterial pH, partial pressure of oxygen (pO2) and carbon dioxide (pCO2) in umbilical artery were compared; iii) expression of ICAM-1 in umbilical vascular was detected by immunohistochemistry; iv) expression levels of ICAM-1 in umbilical vascular of the two groups of patients were compared. i) There was no significant difference in the age, smoking, gestational age, gravida, parity, BMI, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure between the two groups (p>0.05); ii) no significant differences in HbA1c, umbilical cord arterial pH, pO2 and pCO2 were found between the groups (p>0.05); iii) ICAM-1 was expressed in umbilical vessels of both groups of pregant women; iv) no significant differences in expression levels of ICAM-1 in umbilical artery and umbilical vein endothelial cells were found between the groups (p>0.05). Therefore, GDM patients with good blood glucose control have no umbilical cord endothelial cell damage.