Evaluation of changes in left ventricular structure and function in hypertensive patients with coronary artery disease after PCI using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography
- Yanhong Meng
- Ling Zong
- Ziteng Zhang
- Youdong Han
- Yanhui Wang
Published online on: November 22, 2017
Copyright: © Meng et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
We aimed to evaluate the changes in left ventricular structure and function in hypertensive patients with coronary artery disease before and after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography. Two hundred and eighty hypertensive patients with coronary artery disease undergoing PCI and 120 cases who did not receive PCI in our hospital were selected as the subjects of our study. All patients were administered with routine antiplatelet, anticoagulant, lipid-lowering, antihypertensive, dilating coronary artery and other medications. The left ventricular systolic function and systolic synchrony index changes before and after subjects were treated by PCI were analyzed using three-dimensional echocardiography. At 2 days before surgery, there were no significant differences in the left ventricular end-diastolic volume, left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV) and ejection fraction (EF) between the two patient groups (P>0.05). At 3 months and 9 months, the two key time points after PCI, the LVESV level in the PCI group was distinctly decreased, while EF was significantly increased (P<0.05). In addition, before treatment, there were no significant differences in the parameters of time from the corresponding segment of the myocardium to the minimal systolic volume in two patient groups, such as Tmsv‑16SD, Tmsv-16Dif, Tmsv-12SD, Tmsv-12Dif, Tmsv-6SD and Tmsv‑6Dif (P>0.05); however, the parameters of time from the corresponding segment of the myocardium to the minimal systolic volume in patients in the PCI group were significantly reduced at 3 and 9 months after surgery (P<0.05). Three-dimensional echocardiography can evaluate the critical parameters in the prognosis of hypertensive patients with coronary artery disease after PCI accurately and in real-time, which may play a significant role.