Correlations of MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-12 with the degree of atherosclerosis, plaque stability and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events
- Wei Hu
- Rui Wei
- Liyue Wang
- Jingqian Lu
- Hongming Liu
- Wei Zhang
Published online on: December 12, 2017
Copyright: © Hu et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
We analyzed the effects of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, MMP-3, and MMP-12 on the degree of carotid atherosclerosis (CAS) and plaque stability, and investigated their correlations with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (CCEs). Two hundred CAS patients were enrolled. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) was measured using ultrasonic examination. Patients were divided into the no plaque group (NP group), stable plaque group (SP group), and vulnerable plaque group (VP group). The Crouse method was used for the evaluation of plaque scores. Additionally, 60 healthy subjects were enrolled as the control group. Serum triacylglycerol (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were analyzed. The serum protein levels of MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-12 were measured by western blotting. The frequency of CCEs within 2 years was recorded, and its correlation with MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-12 was analyzed. The CAS plaque scores in the SP and VP groups were significantly increased compared with the NP group, and the difference between the SP and VP groups was significant. The levels of TC, TG, LDL-C, and HDL-C of CAS patients were significantly increased compared with those in the control group, but the differences in these indexes between the patient groups were not significant. Western blotting showed that the levels of MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-12 in the patient groups were significantly increased compared with those in the control group, and the protein levels in the VP group were significantly higher than those in the SP and NP groups. Additionally, the levels of MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-12 had significantly positive correlations with the occurrence of CCEs in CAS patients. In conclusion, MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-12 are positively correlated with CCEs in CAS patients. They can be used as markers for the clinical diagnosis and prognosis of CAS.