Open Access

Aryl hydrocarbon receptor inhibits inflammation in DSS‑induced colitis via the MK2/p‑MK2/TTP pathway

  • Authors:
    • Qimeng Wang
    • Kunqiu Yang
    • Bin Han
    • Baifa Sheng
    • Jiuheng Yin
    • Aimin Pu
    • Liangzi Li
    • Lihua Sun
    • Min Yu
    • Yuan Qiu
    • Weidong Xiao
    • Hua Yang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: November 17, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2017.3262
  • Pages:868-876
  • Copyright: © Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

Metrics: HTML 0 views | PDF 0 views     Cited By: 0 citations

Abstract

The pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is believed to be associated with the abnormal expression of inflammatory factors. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand‑dependent transcription factor, which can suppress the inflammatory response and attenuate experimental colitis. However, the detailed mechanism underlying the effects of AhR remains unclear. The present study investigated the role of AhR in the pathogenesis of IBD. Colitis was induced in mice by administration of 3% dextran sulphate sodium (DSS) for 7 days. The mice were also administered injections of the AhR agonist, 6‑formylindolo(3,2‑b)carbazole (FICZ), starting 2 days after the first administration of DSS. Furthermore, LoVo cells were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the presence or absence of FICZ for 8 h. The protein expression levels of AhR, cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) and tristetraprolin (TTP) were assessed by western blotting and immunofluorescence, whereas mRNA expression levels were assessed by reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The results indicated that injection of mice with FICZ significantly attenuated DSS‑induced colitis; in addition, the expression levels of inflammatory cytokines were markedly downregulated. Conversely, the expression levels of AhR and TTP were upregulated. In addition, mice in the AhR‑knockout + DSS group exhibited elevated inflammatory cytokine production and developed more severe colitis. In LoVo cells, incubation with FICZ decreased the expression levels of inflammatory cytokines, whereas AhR and TTP expression was increased. In addition, the levels of phosphorylated‑mitogen‑activated protein kinase‑activated protein kinase 2 (p‑MK2) were decreased. These results suggested that AhR deficiency resulted in increased susceptibility to colitis, whereas activation of AhR by FICZ could ameliorate DSS‑induced colitis via the MK2/p‑MK2/TTP pathway.

Related Articles

Journal Cover

February 2018
Volume 41 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 1107-3756
Online ISSN:1791-244X

2016 Impact Factor: 2.341
Ranked #21/128 Medicine Research and Experimental
(total number of cites)

Sign up for eToc alerts

Recommend to Library

Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Wang, Q., Yang, K., Han, B., Sheng, B., Yin, J., Pu, A. ... Yang, H. (2018). Aryl hydrocarbon receptor inhibits inflammation in DSS‑induced colitis via the MK2/p‑MK2/TTP pathway. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 41, 868-876. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2017.3262
MLA
Wang, Q., Yang, K., Han, B., Sheng, B., Yin, J., Pu, A., Li, L., Sun, L., Yu, M., Qiu, Y., Xiao, W., Yang, H."Aryl hydrocarbon receptor inhibits inflammation in DSS‑induced colitis via the MK2/p‑MK2/TTP pathway". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 41.2 (2018): 868-876.
Chicago
Wang, Q., Yang, K., Han, B., Sheng, B., Yin, J., Pu, A., Li, L., Sun, L., Yu, M., Qiu, Y., Xiao, W., Yang, H."Aryl hydrocarbon receptor inhibits inflammation in DSS‑induced colitis via the MK2/p‑MK2/TTP pathway". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 41, no. 2 (2018): 868-876. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2017.3262