Acacia honey and chrysin reduce proliferation of melanoma cells through alterations in cell cycle progression

  • Authors:
    • Elena Pichichero
    • Rosella Cicconi
    • Maurizio Mattei
    • Marco Gallinella Muzi
    • Antonella Canini
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: October 1, 2010     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo_00000748
  • Pages:973-981
Metrics: HTML 0 views | PDF 0 views     Cited By (CrossRef): 0 citations

Abstract

Honey has long been used in medicine for different purposes. Only recently, however, its antioxidant property and preventive effects against different diseases, such as cancer, have been highlighted. Chrysin (5,7-dihydroxyflavone) is a natural flavone commonly found in acacia honey. It has previously been shown to be an anti-tumor agent. In this study, we investigated the antiproliferative role of honey or chrysin on human (A375) and murine (B16-F1) melanoma cell lines. The results of the 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and the trypan blue exclusion test showed that both the tested compounds were able to induce an antiproliferative effect on melanoma cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Flow cytometry analysis indicated that cytotoxicity induced by honey or chrysin was mediated by G0/G1 cell cycle arrest and induction of hyperploid progression. Our results suggest that the anti-proliferative effects of honey are due mainly to the presence of chrysin. Chrysin may therefore be considered a potential candidate for both cancer prevention and treatment. Further investigation is needed to validate the contribution of chrysin in tumor therapy in vivo.

Related Articles

Journal Cover

October 2010
Volume 37 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

2016 Impact Factor: 3.079
Ranked #33/217 Oncology
(total number of cites)

Sign up for eToc alerts

Recommend to Library

Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Pichichero, E., Cicconi, R., Mattei, M., Muzi, M.G., & Canini, A. (2010). Acacia honey and chrysin reduce proliferation of melanoma cells through alterations in cell cycle progression. International Journal of Oncology, 37, 973-981. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo_00000748
MLA
Pichichero, E., Cicconi, R., Mattei, M., Muzi, M. G., Canini, A."Acacia honey and chrysin reduce proliferation of melanoma cells through alterations in cell cycle progression". International Journal of Oncology 37.4 (2010): 973-981.
Chicago
Pichichero, E., Cicconi, R., Mattei, M., Muzi, M. G., Canini, A."Acacia honey and chrysin reduce proliferation of melanoma cells through alterations in cell cycle progression". International Journal of Oncology 37, no. 4 (2010): 973-981. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo_00000748