Effects of Schisandra chinensis Turcz. fruit on contact dermatitis induced by dinitrofluorobenzene in mice

  • Authors:
    • Hee Jung Lee
    • Suzy Jo
    • Jeonghyun Ryu
    • Han‑Sol Jeong
    • Guemsan Lee
    • Mi Heon Ryu
    • Myeong Ho Jung
    • Hyungwoo Kim
    • Byung Joo Kim
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: April 15, 2015     https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2015.3618
  • Pages: 2135-2139
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Abstract

Schisandra chinensis Turcz. fruit is widely used to treat skin diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the anti-inflammatory effects of the methanol extract of S. chinensis (MESC) on 1-fluoro-2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB)-induced contact dermatitis (CD) in mice. The effects of MESC on ear thickness and weight, histopathological changes, immune cell filtration and cytokine production were investigated in DNFB-induced CD mice. Topical application of MESC effectively inhibited ear swelling (30 or 300 µg on the left ear, P<0.001; 30 µg on the right ear, P<0.001). MESC also inhibited hyperplasia, spongiosis (100 µg/ear, P<0.05 and 300 µg/ear, P<0.001, respectively) and immune cell infiltration (100 µg/ear, P<0.05; 300 µg/ear, P<0.001) induced by DNFB. In addition, MESC suppressed increases in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)‑α levels (100 or 300 µg/ear, P<0.05), interferon (INF)‑γ (30 µg/ear, P<0.05; 100 µg/ear, P<0.01; 300 µg/ear, P<0.001), interleukin (IL)‑6 (300 µg/ear, P<0.05) and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)‑1 (30 µg/ear, P<0.05; 100 µg/ear, P<0.01; 300 µg/ear, P<0.001). These results suggest that the anti‑inflammatory effects of MESC are mediated by the reduced production of TNF‑α, IFN‑γ, IL‑6 and MCP‑1, and that MESC has potential use for the treatment of inflammatory skin diseases.

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August 2015
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Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Lee, H.J., Jo, S., Ryu, J., Jeong, H., Lee, G., Ryu, M.H. ... Kim, B.J. (2015). Effects of Schisandra chinensis Turcz. fruit on contact dermatitis induced by dinitrofluorobenzene in mice. Molecular Medicine Reports, 12, 2135-2139. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2015.3618
MLA
Lee, H. J., Jo, S., Ryu, J., Jeong, H., Lee, G., Ryu, M. H., Jung, M. H., Kim, H., Kim, B. J."Effects of Schisandra chinensis Turcz. fruit on contact dermatitis induced by dinitrofluorobenzene in mice". Molecular Medicine Reports 12.2 (2015): 2135-2139.
Chicago
Lee, H. J., Jo, S., Ryu, J., Jeong, H., Lee, G., Ryu, M. H., Jung, M. H., Kim, H., Kim, B. J."Effects of Schisandra chinensis Turcz. fruit on contact dermatitis induced by dinitrofluorobenzene in mice". Molecular Medicine Reports 12, no. 2 (2015): 2135-2139. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2015.3618