Characteristics of nosocomial infection and its effects on the survival of chemotherapy patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer
- Lili Wang
- Yan Li
- Xia Zhang
- Hongxia Li
Published online on: October 5, 2017
Copyright: © Wang et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
The present study was planned to investigate the characteristics of nosocomial infection and its effects on the survival in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Retrospective analysis was performed for the 169 chemotherapy patients with NSCLC and nosocomial infection during hospitalization in Binzhou City Central Hospital from March, 2013 to January, 2015. In addition, 170 patients without nosocomial infection were also involved as a control group. The distribution of major drug resistance of Gram‑negative (G-) and Gram-positive (G+) were analyzed. The survival conditions of the patients were analyzed according to the nosocomial infection occurrence. The risk factors of nosocomial infection in patients with NSCLC were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic analysis. The percentage of G+ infection was 45.6% while G- infection was 54.4%. Nosocomial infections were most common in respiratory system. The median survival time of the observation group was shorter than that of the control group (P<0.05). G- infection was the most common type of infection in nosocomial infection of the patients with NSCLC. The occurrence of infection seriously affected the survival time of patients. Attention is required to the patients older than 60 years undergoing treatment with glucocorticoids as well as immunosuppressive agents.