Characterization of cluster of differentiation 47 expression and its potential as a therapeutic target in esophageal squamous cell cancer

  • Authors:
    • Chun‑Lin Zhao
    • Shuang Yu
    • Shu‑Hui Wang
    • Shi‑Gang Li
    • Zhi‑Ju Wang
    • Sheng‑Na Han
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: November 20, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2017.7447
  • Pages:2017-2023
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Abstract

The increased expression of cluster of differentiation (CD)47 has been identified in a number of different tumor types and is recognized as an adverse prognostic factor that indicates an increased risk of mortality in patients. The binding of CD47 to signal regulatory protein α (SIRPα) inhibits the macrophage phagocytosis of tumor cells by triggering an inhibitory ‘do not eat me’ signal. This is one of the mechanisms used by tumor cells to evade immune surveillance. In the present study, CD47 levels and macrophage infiltration were assessed in patients with esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC). CD47‑overexpressing ESCC cell lines were selected and human M2 macrophage phagocytic activity was measured. The results revealed that CD47 is highly expressed and macrophages are markedly infiltrated in cancerous tissue compared with non‑cancerous tissue. High CD47 expression was detected in ESCC cell lines and the results of a phagocytosis assay indicated that human M2 macrophages phagocytized tumor cells in a dose‑dependent manner following the blocking of CD47‑SIRPα signaling by anti‑CD47 antibodies. The results of the present study therefore support the use of anti‑CD47 immunotherapy to treat patients with ESCC.

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February 2018
Volume 15 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 1792-1074
Online ISSN:1792-1082

2016 Impact Factor: 1.39
Ranked #68/217 Oncology
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APA
Zhao, C., Yu, S., Wang, S., Li, S., Wang, Z., & Han, S. (2018). Characterization of cluster of differentiation 47 expression and its potential as a therapeutic target in esophageal squamous cell cancer. Oncology Letters, 15, 2017-2023. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2017.7447
MLA
Zhao, C., Yu, S., Wang, S., Li, S., Wang, Z., Han, S."Characterization of cluster of differentiation 47 expression and its potential as a therapeutic target in esophageal squamous cell cancer". Oncology Letters 15.2 (2018): 2017-2023.
Chicago
Zhao, C., Yu, S., Wang, S., Li, S., Wang, Z., Han, S."Characterization of cluster of differentiation 47 expression and its potential as a therapeutic target in esophageal squamous cell cancer". Oncology Letters 15, no. 2 (2018): 2017-2023. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2017.7447