A retrospective study of 34 patients with unicentric and multicentric Castleman's disease: Experience from a single institution
- Jin‑Peng Jiang
- Xiao‑Fei Shen
- Jun‑Feng Du
- Wen‑Xian Guan
Published online on: December 14, 2017
The aim of the present study was to share the experience of a single institute in the diagnosis, use of accessory examinations and treatment strategies of Castleman's disease (CD). The present study analyzed 34 patients (13 males and 21 females) with CD who were hospitalized between January 2006 and September 2014. The patients were divided into two groups based on the anatomical distribution of the disease: Unicentric CD (UCD) and multicentric CD (MCD). Histological data was obtained from lymph node biopsies. All clinical data were acquired by reviewing patients' medical records and contacting patients by telephone. A total of 27 patients had UCD and 7 patients had MCD. All 27 patients with UCD with benign symptoms underwent complete diagnostic surgical resection and survived, with the exception of 1 patient who succumbed to pancreatic head carcinoma 13 months after surgery. A total of 7 patients with MCD presented with systemic symptoms and 2 of these patients declined treatment following the definite diagnosis of CD. The remaining 5 patients were treated with various strategies, including surgical resection and further glucocorticoid treatment, intravenous siltuximab, rituximab in combination with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone chemotherapy or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. A total of 3 patients with MCD survived, with a median follow‑up period of 69 months. The present study indicates that complete surgical resection is currently the standard treatment for UCD. Perioperative use of multidetector computed tomography and the laparoscopic approach have certain advantages in UCD. Molecular target therapy is effective in patients with stable MCD, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may be beneficial in certain patients with MCD and disease progression.