Open Access

Imaging and histological appearance of pleomorphic hyalinizing angiectatic tumors: A case series and literature review

  • Authors:
    • Couger Jimenez Jaramillo
    • John Wojcik
    • Kristy Weber
    • Ronnie Sebro
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: February 2, 2018     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2018.7929
  • Pages: 4720-4730
  • Copyright: © Jaramillo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Pleomorphic hyalinizing angiectatic tumors (PHATs) are rare mesenchymal soft tissue tumors of uncertain lineage and intermediate malignancy. The present study assesses two cases of PHAT and discusses the histological and immunophenotypical features, as well as the imaging appearance of these tumors on ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography/CT scans. The current study also reviews the literature and discusses the clinical management of these tumors. Wide local excision with tumor free margins is the current recommended treatment for PHAT. Surgical excision may be combined with low‑dose radiation to reduce the risk of local recurrence. Patients should be followed up with serial imaging, as PHAT lesions tend to recur locally.

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APA
Jaramillo, C.J., Wojcik, J., Weber, K., & Sebro, R. (2018). Imaging and histological appearance of pleomorphic hyalinizing angiectatic tumors: A case series and literature review. Oncology Letters, 15, 4720-4730. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2018.7929
MLA
Jaramillo, C. J., Wojcik, J., Weber, K., Sebro, R."Imaging and histological appearance of pleomorphic hyalinizing angiectatic tumors: A case series and literature review". Oncology Letters 15.4 (2018): 4720-4730.
Chicago
Jaramillo, C. J., Wojcik, J., Weber, K., Sebro, R."Imaging and histological appearance of pleomorphic hyalinizing angiectatic tumors: A case series and literature review". Oncology Letters 15, no. 4 (2018): 4720-4730. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2018.7929