Immunohistochemical analysis of Reg IV in urogenital organs: Frequent expression of Reg IV in prostate cancer and potential utility as serum tumor marker

  • Authors:
    • Tetsutaro Hayashi
    • Akio Matsubara
    • Shinya Ohara
    • Koji Mita
    • Yasuhisa Hasegawa
    • Tsuguru Usui
    • Koji Arihiro
    • Shinichi Norimura
    • Kazuhiro Sentani
    • Naohide Oue
    • Wataru Yasui
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: January 1, 2009     https://doi.org/10.3892/or_00000194
  • Pages:95-100
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Abstract

Regenerating islet-derived family, member 4 (Reg IV) is a candidate marker for cancer and inflammatory bowel disease and is associated with neuroendocrine and intestinal differentiation. We have reported that 14% of prostate cancer (PCa) cases are positive for Reg IV by immunohistochemistry. In the present study, we performed immunohistochemical analysis of Reg IV in other major urological cancers, including 101 renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and 95 urothelial carcinoma (UC) of urinary bladder by immunohistochemistry. We also investigated neuroendocrine differentiation by chromogranin A and synaptophysin staining along with intestinal differentiation by MUC2 staining. Immunohistochemical analysis of Reg IV revealed no expression of Reg IV in RCC, and only one case (1%) of UC expressed Reg IV. Neither neuroendocrine nor intestinal differentiation was found in RCC. Among 95 UC cases, neuroendocrine differentiation was detected in 13 cases (14%), and intestinal differentiation was observed in 33 cases (35%). In one Reg IV-positive UC case, MUC2 staining was observed. Since Reg IV expression was frequently found in PCa, we also measured Reg IV levels in sera from patients with PCa by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The serum Reg IV concentration in PCa patients (n=38, mean ± SE, 1.69±0.16 ng/ml) was significantly higher than that in control individuals (n=40, 1.28±0.11 ng/ml, P=0.0199, Mann-Whitney U test). The sensitivity and specificity for detection of PCa were 34% (13/38) and 90% (36/40), respectively. These results suggest that among major urologic cancers, Reg IV is expressed frequently in PCa, and that serum Reg IV represents a novel biomarker for PCa.

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January 2009
Volume 21 Issue 1

Print ISSN: 1021-335X
Online ISSN:1791-2431

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APA
Hayashi, T., Matsubara, A., Ohara, S., Mita, K., Hasegawa, Y., Usui, T. ... Yasui, W. (2009). Immunohistochemical analysis of Reg IV in urogenital organs: Frequent expression of Reg IV in prostate cancer and potential utility as serum tumor marker. Oncology Reports, 21, 95-100. https://doi.org/10.3892/or_00000194
MLA
Hayashi, T., Matsubara, A., Ohara, S., Mita, K., Hasegawa, Y., Usui, T., Arihiro, K., Norimura, S., Sentani, K., Oue, N., Yasui, W."Immunohistochemical analysis of Reg IV in urogenital organs: Frequent expression of Reg IV in prostate cancer and potential utility as serum tumor marker". Oncology Reports 21.1 (2009): 95-100.
Chicago
Hayashi, T., Matsubara, A., Ohara, S., Mita, K., Hasegawa, Y., Usui, T., Arihiro, K., Norimura, S., Sentani, K., Oue, N., Yasui, W."Immunohistochemical analysis of Reg IV in urogenital organs: Frequent expression of Reg IV in prostate cancer and potential utility as serum tumor marker". Oncology Reports 21, no. 1 (2009): 95-100. https://doi.org/10.3892/or_00000194