Differential expression and function of the caveolin-1 gene in non-small cell lung carcinoma

  • Authors:
    • Hong Lei Chen
    • Li Fang Fan
    • Jun Gao
    • Jing Ping Ouyang
    • Yu Xia Zhang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: Friday, December 10, 2010
  • Pages: 359-366 DOI: 10.3892/or.2010.1095

Abstract

This study was designed to clarify the function of caveolin-1 (Cav-1) in the development of lung cancer by investigating the mutation and protein expression of the Cav-1 gene in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Quantum dot immunofluorescence histochemistry was used to evaluate Cav-1 protein expression and subcellular localization in the lung cancer tissue microarray including 140 cases of lung cancer and 20 cases of non-cancerous lung tissue. Mutation of the Cav-1 gene in exon 1 and exon 3 was detected by polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism and sequencing. The positive rates of Cav-1 expression were 49.3% (69/140) in NSCLC group, significantly lower than the 100% (20/20) rate in the control group. Adenocarcinomas (16.7%), adenosquamous carcinomas (38.4%), squamous cell carcinomas (67.1%) and large cell lung cancers (66.7%) displayed Cav-1 positive staining, suggesting a gradient of Cav-1 expression according to tumor histotype-related aggressiveness. High-expression of Cav-1 protein was statistically correlated with pathologic TNM stage and lymph node metastasis. No mutation could be detected in exon 1 and exon 3 from all Cav-1 protein negative expression of NSCLC samples. Cav-1 immunoreactivity in lung cancer is histotype-dependent, increased Cav-1 expression indicates the malignant progression and high invasion features of NSCLCs. Deregulation of Cav-1 expression in NSCLCs may not correlate with mutation.

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February 2011
Volume 25 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 1021-335X
Online ISSN:1791-2431

2015 Impact Factor: 2.486
Ranked #31/211 Oncology
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APA
Chen, H.L., Fan, L.F., Gao, J., Ouyang, J.P., & Zhang, Y.X. (2011). Differential expression and function of the caveolin-1 gene in non-small cell lung carcinoma. Oncology Reports, 25, 359-366. http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/or.2010.1095
MLA
Chen, H. L., Fan, L. F., Gao, J., Ouyang, J. P., Zhang, Y. X."Differential expression and function of the caveolin-1 gene in non-small cell lung carcinoma". Oncology Reports 25.2 (2011): 359-366.
Chicago
Chen, H. L., Fan, L. F., Gao, J., Ouyang, J. P., Zhang, Y. X."Differential expression and function of the caveolin-1 gene in non-small cell lung carcinoma". Oncology Reports 25, no. 2 (2011): 359-366. http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/or.2010.1095