Influence of the Twist gene on the invasion and metastasis of colon cancer
- Duowei Wang
- Bikash Rai
- Feng Qi
- Tong Liu
- Jinmiao Wang
- Xiaodong Wang
- Bozhao Ma
Published online on: November 6, 2017
Copyright: © Wang et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
The present study investigated the role of the Twist gene in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and its effects on the invasion and metastasis of malignant tumors. In vitro, we transfected SW480, HCT116 and HT29 cells with recombinant plasmids, pTracer-CMV/BSD-Twist and pGenesil1.2-Twist-shRNA, to influence expression of Twist. The transfection efficacy of the plasmids in the cell lines was confirmed by flow cytometry. The relative mRNA and protein expression levels of Twist, E-cadherin and vimentin in the transfected cells were detected by RT-PCR and western blotting, respectively. In addition, migration and invasion were assessed by Transwell assays. In vivo, we established a xenogenic liver metastasis mouse model by intrasplenic injection with transfected SW480, HCT116 or HT29 human colon cancer cells and used hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining to demonstrate the effective establishment of the model. The relative mRNA levels of Twist and vimentin were detected by RT-PCR. In vitro, RT-PCR and western blotting showed higher relative mRNA and protein expression levels of Twist and vimentin in cell lines transfected with the recombinant, highly expressed Twist plasmid than in non-transfected cell lines (P<0.05), while E-cadherin was inhibited (P<0.05). After transfection with the plasmid pGenesil1.2-Twist-shRNA, the relative mRNA and protein levels of Twist and vimentin were markedly inhibited in the HCT116 cells (P<0.05), and the levels of E-cadherin were not changed (P>0.05), along with inhibition of the migration and invasion abilities of the cell line (P<0.01). In vivo, relative mRNA levels of Twist and vimentin in both the liver and spleen of the mouse model were higher in the groups that were injected with one of the three cell lines transfected with pTracer-CMV/BSD-Twist than in the groups injected with cells transfected with pGenesil1.2-Twist-shRNA (P<0.05). In conclusion, upregulation of Twist gene expression can promote EMT molecular events. Interfering with the Twist gene can effectively silence Twist gene expression in HCT116 cells and consequently inhibit colon cancer cell migration and invasion.