Zinc enhances chemosensitivity to paclitaxel in PC‑3 prostate cancer cells

  • Authors:
    • Ping Zhang
    • Yang Li
    • Xinyu Tang
    • Rui Guo
    • Jiuling Li
    • Ying Ying Chen
    • Hua Guo
    • Jing Su
    • Liankun Sun
    • Yanan Liu
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: August 2, 2018     https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2018.6622
  • Pages: 2269-2277
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Abstract

Paclitaxel‑based chemotherapy is a promising approach for prostate cancer treatment. However, single‑drug chemotherapy is associated with an increased risk of drug resistance. Therefore, novel combination chemotherapy regimens are a popular topic of research. Zinc participates in the regulation of apoptosis, for example in the form of Zn2+ and via zinc‑dependent enzymes. Zinc can either induce or suppress apoptosis, and its effect depends primarily on its concentration. Previous research has demonstrated that physiological concentrations of zinc can directly induce apoptosis of PC‑3 prostate cancer cells via the mitochondrial pathway. In prostate cancer tissues, zinc concentrations have been demonstrated to be reduced compared with non-cancerous tissues. Furthermore, the concentration of zinc has been demonstrated to decrease further with cancer progression. In the present study, it was investigated whether exposure of PC‑3 cells to zinc improved their sensitivity to the chemotherapeutic agent, paclitaxel. MTT assays, cell clone formation assays, Hoechst staining and flow cytometry revealed that zinc enhanced PC‑3‑cell chemosensitivity to paclitaxel. Western blotting and reverse transcription‑polymerase chain reaction were used to determine that the mitochondria‑mediated apoptosis signaling pathway is involved with zinc/paclitaxel‑induced cell death. The present study provides a foundation for the development of novel tumor combination therapy.

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October 2018
Volume 40 Issue 4

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Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Zhang, ., Li, ., Tang, ., Guo, ., Li, ., Chen, .Y. ... Liu, Y. (2018). Zinc enhances chemosensitivity to paclitaxel in PC‑3 prostate cancer cells. Oncology Reports, 40, 2269-2277. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2018.6622
MLA
Zhang, ., Li, ., Tang, ., Guo, ., Li, ., Chen, . Y., Guo, H., Su, J., Sun, L., Liu, Y."Zinc enhances chemosensitivity to paclitaxel in PC‑3 prostate cancer cells". Oncology Reports 40.4 (2018): 2269-2277.
Chicago
Zhang, ., Li, ., Tang, ., Guo, ., Li, ., Chen, . Y., Guo, H., Su, J., Sun, L., Liu, Y."Zinc enhances chemosensitivity to paclitaxel in PC‑3 prostate cancer cells". Oncology Reports 40, no. 4 (2018): 2269-2277. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2018.6622