Open Access

Agarwood essential oil inhalation exerts antianxiety and antidepressant effects via the regulation of Glu/GABA system homeostasis

  • Authors:
    • Canhong Wang
    • Bao Gong
    • Yangyang Liu
    • Deli Chen
    • Yulan Wu
    • Jianhe Wei
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: January 17, 2023     https://doi.org/10.3892/br.2023.1598
  • Article Number: 16
  • Copyright: © Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Depression and anxiety are common diseases that endanger the physical and mental health of individuals. Agarwood incense inhalation has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine for relaxation and to improve sleep for centuries. In a previous study by the authors it was demonstrated that agarwood essential oil (AEO) injection exerted anxiolytic and antidepressant effects. Therefore the present study further investigated the anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of AEO inhalation on anxiolytic mice induced by M‑chlorophenylpiperazine and depressive mice induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress. The results demonstrated that AEO exerted a significant anxiolytic effect, whereby autonomous movements were inhibited during the light dark exploration test and open field test. Furthermore, the tail suspension test and the forced swimming test demonstrated that AEO also exerted an antidepressant effect, whereby the immobility times were decreased. Moreover, AEO was determined to increase the levels of 5‑hydroxytryptamine, γ‑aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor (GABAA) and glutamate (Glu) in anxiolytic mice and inhibit the levels of GABAA and Glu in depressive mice. Further investigations into how AEO affected the Glu/GABA system demonstrated that AEO markedly increased the protein expression levels of GABA transaminase (GABAT), glutamate metabotropic receptor 5 (GRM5), glutamate ionotropic receptor AMPA type subunit 1 (GluR1) and vesicular glutamate transporter 1 (VGluT1). Furthermore, AEO reduced the expression levels of GABAT, glutamate ionotropic receptor NMDA type subunit 2B and GRM5, and enhanced the expression levels of GluR1 and VGluT1. These results demonstrated that AEO potentially possesses antianxiety and antidepressant properties. The present study determined that the mechanism was related to the regulation of Glu/GABA neurotransmitter system homeostasis.

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February-2023
Volume 18 Issue 2

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Copy and paste a formatted citation
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Spandidos Publications style
Wang C, Gong B, Liu Y, Chen D, Wu Y and Wei J: Agarwood essential oil inhalation exerts antianxiety and antidepressant effects via the regulation of Glu/GABA system homeostasis. Biomed Rep 18: 16, 2023
APA
Wang, C., Gong, B., Liu, Y., Chen, D., Wu, Y., & Wei, J. (2023). Agarwood essential oil inhalation exerts antianxiety and antidepressant effects via the regulation of Glu/GABA system homeostasis. Biomedical Reports, 18, 16. https://doi.org/10.3892/br.2023.1598
MLA
Wang, C., Gong, B., Liu, Y., Chen, D., Wu, Y., Wei, J."Agarwood essential oil inhalation exerts antianxiety and antidepressant effects via the regulation of Glu/GABA system homeostasis". Biomedical Reports 18.2 (2023): 16.
Chicago
Wang, C., Gong, B., Liu, Y., Chen, D., Wu, Y., Wei, J."Agarwood essential oil inhalation exerts antianxiety and antidepressant effects via the regulation of Glu/GABA system homeostasis". Biomedical Reports 18, no. 2 (2023): 16. https://doi.org/10.3892/br.2023.1598