Open Access

Obesity and hypertension (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Shu‑Zhong Jiang
    • Wen Lu
    • Xue‑Feng Zong
    • Hong‑Yun Ruan
    • Yi Liu
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: September 6, 2016
  • Pages: 2395-2399
  • Copyright: © Jiang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

Metrics: Total Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )


The imbalance between energy intake and expenditure is the main cause of excessive overweight and obesity. Technically, obesity is defined as the abnormal accumulation of ≥20% of body fat, over the individual's ideal body weight. The latter constitutes the maximal healthful value for an individual that is calculated based chiefly on the height, age, build and degree of muscular development. However, obesity is diagnosed by measuring the weight in relation to the height of an individual, thereby determining or calculating the body mass index. The National Institutes of Health have defined 30 kg/m2 as the limit over which an individual is qualified as obese. Accordingly, the prevalence of obesity in on the increase in children and adults worldwide, despite World Health Organization warnings. The growth of obesity and the scale of associated health issues induce serious consequences for individuals and governmental health systems. Excessive overweight remains among the most neglected public health issues worldwide, while obesity is associated with increasing risks of disability, illness and death. Cardiovascular diseases, the leading cause of mortality worldwide, particularly hypertension and diabetes, are the main illnesses associated with obesity. Nevertheless, the mechanisms underlying obesity‑associated hypertension or other associated metabolic diseases remains to be adequately investigated. In the present review, we addressed the association between obesity and cardiovascular disease, particularly the biological mechanisms linking obesity and hypertension.
View References

Related Articles

Journal Cover

Volume 12 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

Sign up for eToc alerts

Recommend to Library

Copy and paste a formatted citation
Spandidos Publications style
Jiang SZ, Lu W, Zong XF, Ruan HY and Liu Y: Obesity and hypertension (Review). Exp Ther Med 12: 2395-2399, 2016
Jiang, S., Lu, W., Zong, X., Ruan, H., & Liu, Y. (2016). Obesity and hypertension (Review). Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 12, 2395-2399.
Jiang, S., Lu, W., Zong, X., Ruan, H., Liu, Y."Obesity and hypertension (Review)". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 12.4 (2016): 2395-2399.
Jiang, S., Lu, W., Zong, X., Ruan, H., Liu, Y."Obesity and hypertension (Review)". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 12, no. 4 (2016): 2395-2399.