An exploratory study into the role of miR-204-5p in pregnancy-induced hypertension
- Zhixiong Mei
- Baoqin Huang
- Ying Mo
- Jianhui Fan
Affiliations: Department of Obstetrics, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat‑sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510630, P.R. China
- Published online on: March 9, 2017 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.4212
Copyright: © Mei
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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The molecular mechanism that leads to pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), a pregnancy-specific syndrome, remains poorly understood. It has been suggested that microRNAs (miRNAs) may be potentially useful biomarkers for severe preeclampsia (PE), which is an important condition associated with PIH. The aim of the present study was to identify miR‑204 by verifying differentially expressed serum miRNAs in patients with PIH during pregnancy compared with normal controls. Subsequently, the effects of miR‑204 on proliferation and apoptosis of human choriocarcinoma (JAR) cells in hypoxic microenvironment were investigated. Previous studies indicated a number of miRNA candidates and the present study validated the expression of eight miRNAs in serum samples using reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT‑qPCR). A higher expression of miR‑204 was identified in patients with PIH. To assess the impact of miR-204 inhibition on hypoxic JAR cells function in vitro, cell proliferation was detected using a Cell Counting Kit‑8 assay. The rate of apoptosis and cell cycle progression was then examined by flow cytometry. RT‑qPCR confirmed that serum miR-204-5p is more highly expressed in patients with PIH. Further statistical analysis indicated that the survival ratio of JAR cells in hypoxic microenvironments was increased in the miR‑204‑5p inhibitor group. However, the miR-204-5p inhibitor protected hypoxic JAR cells from apoptosis. The analysis of cell‑cycle status demonstrated that the percentage of cells in the G2/G1 phase was larger compared with the control group. The results of the present study suggest that low levels of miR‑204‑5p may increase cell proliferation and reduce cell apoptosis with cell cycle changes in vitro. Therefore, serum miR‑204‑5p may be used as a notable biomarker for the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of PIH.