Open Access

Value of S100A12 in predicting in‑stent restenosis in patients with coronary drug‑eluting stent implantation

  • Authors:
    • Hengyi Liang
    • Yuqi Cui
    • Haoran Bu
    • Hang Liu
    • Pengcheng Yan
    • Lianqun Cui
    • Liming Chen
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: May 6, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8721
  • Pages: 211-218
  • Copyright: © Liang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

In-stent restenosis (ISR) after drug‑eluting stent (DES) placement has recently emerged as a major concern for cardiologists. Identification of biomarkers to predict ISR may be invaluable for tailored management strategies. The present study aimed to evaluate the prognostic utility of circulating S100 calcium‑binding protein A12 (S100A12) for ISR. Out of 2,443 patients with DES‑based percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and follow‑up angiography at ~1 year after DES‑based PCI, 258 patients were diagnosed with ISR and 258 patients without ISR were randomly selected as controls. Serum S100A12 levels were determined in the two subsets on admission. The association between ISR and the circulating levels of S100A12 was determined by constructing two multivariate stepwise logistic regression models. In addition, S100A12 was assessed for its ability to predict ISR using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. The serum levels of S100A12 at baseline were significantly elevated in patients in the ISR group compared with those in the non‑ISR group (P<0.001). In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, after adjusting for conventional cardiovascular risk factors, laboratory parameters and medication after the procedure, the S100A12 level was revealed to be independently associated with ISR. When a cut‑off for serum S100A12 levels of 34.75 ng/ml was used, the ROC curve was able to predict ISR with 72.8% sensitivity and 79.1% specificity, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.796 (95% CI: 0.757 to 0.834, P<0.001). Furthermore, addition of S100A12 to established risk factors significantly improved the predictive power of reference models for ISR. S100A12 may serve as an independent marker to predict ISR in patients undergoing coronary DES implantation.

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July 2020
Volume 20 Issue 1

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

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APA
Liang, H., Cui, Y., Bu, H., Liu, H., Yan, P., Cui, L., & Chen, L. (2020). Value of S100A12 in predicting in‑stent restenosis in patients with coronary drug‑eluting stent implantation. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 20, 211-218. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8721
MLA
Liang, H., Cui, Y., Bu, H., Liu, H., Yan, P., Cui, L., Chen, L."Value of S100A12 in predicting in‑stent restenosis in patients with coronary drug‑eluting stent implantation". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20.1 (2020): 211-218.
Chicago
Liang, H., Cui, Y., Bu, H., Liu, H., Yan, P., Cui, L., Chen, L."Value of S100A12 in predicting in‑stent restenosis in patients with coronary drug‑eluting stent implantation". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20, no. 1 (2020): 211-218. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8721