Expression of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 subunit B in liver cancer and its prognostic significance
- Qing Yue
- Lingyu Meng
- Baoxing Jia
- Wei Han
Affiliations: Department of Oncology, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130021, P.R. China, Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130021, P.R. China
- Published online on: May 7, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8726
Copyright: © Yue
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Liver cancer is one of the major malignancies with the worst prognosis among all solid tumor types. It is therefore ponderable to explore prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets for liver cancer. Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 subunit B (EIF3B) is closely linked to the transcription initiation of cancer‑associated genes. In the present study, EIF3B was indicated to be a potential prognostic biomarker of liver cancer. The mRNA expression level of EIF3B in liver cancer was assessed by analyzing the Cancer Genome Atlas dataset. χ2 and Fisher's exact tests were used to assess the association of EIF3B expression with clinical parameters. Receiver‑operating characteristic curve analysis was used for evaluating the diagnostic value of EIF3B. Overall and relapse‑free survival were assessed using Kaplan‑Meier curves to determine the association between EIF3B expression and survival. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis were performed to identify the factors affecting overall/relapse‑free survival. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was used to identify signaling pathways associated with EIF3B in liver cancer. It was revealed that EIF3B was highly expressed in liver cancer tissues and it had a promising diagnostic ability. Furthermore, the survival analysis indicated that patients with high EIF3B expression generally had shorter overall as well as relapse‑free survival. Univariate and multivariate Cox analysis suggested that high EIF3B mRNA expression may serve as an independent biomarker for the prognostication of patients with liver cancer. GSEA suggested that MYC‑V1 (HALLMARK_MYC_TARGETS_V1 geneset; P=0.009), MYC‑V2 (HALLMARK_MYC_TARGETS_V2 geneset; P=0.004) and DNA repair pathways (HALLMARK_DNA_REPAIR geneset; P<0.001) were differentially enriched in high EIF3B expression and low EIF3B expression groups. In conclusion, high EIF3B expression was indicated to be an independent prognostic biomarker for patients with liver cancer.