Open Access

Updates on the molecular genetics of primary congenital glaucoma (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Chen Ling
    • Dingding Zhang
    • Jing Zhang
    • Huanxin Sun
    • Qiu Du
    • Xuefei Li
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: May 18, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8767
  • Pages: 968-977
  • Copyright: © Ling et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

Metrics: Total Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )


Abstract

Primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) is one of the primary causes of blindness in children and is characterized by congenital trabecular meshwork and anterior chamber angle dysplasia. While being a rare condition, PCG severely impairs the quality of life of affected patients. However, the pathogenesis of PCG remains to be fully elucidated. It has previously been indicated that genetic factors serve a critical role in the pathogenesis of PCG, although patients with PCG exhibit significant genetic heterogeneity. Mutations in the cytochrome P450 family 1 subfamily B member 1 gene have been implicated in PCG and further genes that have been reported to be involved in PCG are myocilin, forkhead box C1, collagen type I α1 chain and latent transforming growth factor β binding protein 2. The present review aims to provide an up to date understanding of the genes associated with PCG and the use of molecular technologies in the identification of such genes and mutations. This may pave the way for the development of preventative methods, early diagnosis and improved therapeutic strategies in PCG.

Related Articles

Journal Cover

August-2020
Volume 20 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

Sign up for eToc alerts

Recommend to Library

Copy and paste a formatted citation
x
APA
Ling, C., Zhang, D., Zhang, J., Sun, H., Du, Q., & Li, X. (2020). Updates on the molecular genetics of primary congenital glaucoma (Review). Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 20, 968-977. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8767
MLA
Ling, C., Zhang, D., Zhang, J., Sun, H., Du, Q., Li, X."Updates on the molecular genetics of primary congenital glaucoma (Review)". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20.2 (2020): 968-977.
Chicago
Ling, C., Zhang, D., Zhang, J., Sun, H., Du, Q., Li, X."Updates on the molecular genetics of primary congenital glaucoma (Review)". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20, no. 2 (2020): 968-977. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8767