Open Access

Effects of Eurya japonica extracts on human corneal epithelial cells and experimental dry eye

  • Authors:
    • Lan Li
    • Rujun Jin
    • Ying Li
    • Jong Hyun Nho
    • Won Choi
    • Yong Sok Ji
    • Hyeon Jeong Yoon
    • Kyung Chul Yoon
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: June 3, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8830
  • Pages: 1607-1615
  • Copyright: © Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Eurya japonica (EJ) leaves have been indicated to exert anti‑oxidative and anti‑inflammatory effects. Dry eye disease (DED) is a chronic inflammatory disease and oxidative stress is closely associated with DED. The aim of the present study was to analyze the therapeutic efficacy of EJ in DED using human corneal epithelial (HCE) cells and a mouse model of experimental dry eye (EDE). EJ extracts (0.001, 0.01 and 0.1%) were used to treat HCE cells. Cell viability and mitochondrial function were detected using a EZ‑Cytox cell viability assay kit and mitochondrial membrane potential assays. Dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCF‑DA) assay was used to measure cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels. Subsequently, eye drops consisting of BSS or 0.001%, 0.01 and 0.1% EJ extracts were applied for treatment of EDE. At 7 days, conjunctival ROS production was measured using a DCF‑DA assay. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)‑α, interleukin (IL)‑1β, 10 kDa interferon gamma‑induced protein 10 (IP‑10) and monokine induced by interferon‑γ (MIG) levels in the conjunctiva were analyzed using a multiplex immunobead assay. Tear film and ocular surface parameters were measured. Treatment with EJ extracts in HCE cells effectively improved cell viability, ROS levels and mitochondrial function. Mice treated with 0.01 and 0.1% EJ extracts indicated a significant decrease in ROS, TNF‑α, IL‑1β, IP‑10 and MIG levels compared with the EDE or BSS groups. Furthermore, a significant improvement in all clinical parameters was observed in the 0.01 and 0.1% EJ extract groups. EJ extracts could decrease cytotoxicity and ROS production in HCE cells. Additionally, topical EJ extracts reduced oxidative damage and inflammation and improved clinical signs of EDE, suggesting that EJ extracts may be used as an adjunctive therapy for DED.

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August-2020
Volume 20 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

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APA
Li, L., Jin, R., Li, Y., Nho, J.H., Choi, W., Ji, Y.S. ... Yoon, K.C. (2020). Effects of Eurya japonica extracts on human corneal epithelial cells and experimental dry eye. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 20, 1607-1615. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8830
MLA
Li, L., Jin, R., Li, Y., Nho, J. H., Choi, W., Ji, Y. S., Yoon, H. J., Yoon, K. C."Effects of Eurya japonica extracts on human corneal epithelial cells and experimental dry eye". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20.2 (2020): 1607-1615.
Chicago
Li, L., Jin, R., Li, Y., Nho, J. H., Choi, W., Ji, Y. S., Yoon, H. J., Yoon, K. C."Effects of Eurya japonica extracts on human corneal epithelial cells and experimental dry eye". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20, no. 2 (2020): 1607-1615. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8830