CacyBP/SIP promotes tumor progression by regulating apoptosis and arresting the cell cycle in osteosarcoma
- Ming Zhao
- Run‑Zi Zhang
- Dian‑Wen Qi
- Hong‑Yi Chen
- Guo‑Chuan Zhang
Affiliations: Department of Musculoskeletal Tumors, Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050051, P.R. China
- Published online on: June 5, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8843
Copyright: © Zhao
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignant bone tumor in pediatric and adolescent patients. The calcyclin‑binding protein/Siah‑1‑interacting protein (CacyBP/SIP) performs an essential function in cell proliferation and apoptosis. The present study investigated the effect of CacyBP/SIP in OS cell proliferation and apoptosis. CacyBP/SIP mRNA expression levels were evaluated in four OS cell lines by quantitative PCR. CacyBP/SIP expression was downregulated in Saos‑2 cells using a lentivirus transfection system and the transfection efficiency was analyzed. The effects of CacyBP/SIP downregulation on Saos‑2 cell proliferation and colony‑formation ability were evaluated by MTT and colony‑formation assays. The effect of CacyBP/SIP knockdown on Saos‑2 cell cycle and apoptosis was analyzed by ﬂow cytometry cell sorting. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data was analyzed for validation. Human OS cell lines Saos‑2, MG‑63, HOS and U20S expressed CacyBP/SIP mRNA. CacyBP/SIP knockdown significantly inhibited cell proliferation and colony‑formation ability. G1/S phase arrest was induced by CacyBP/SIP downregulation, which also resulted in the downregulation of CDK and cyclins and the upregulation of p21. In addition, CacyBP/SIP downregulation induced Saos‑2 cell apoptosis mediated by Bax and Bcl‑2. High expression of CacyBP/SIP was significantly associated with poor prognosis in TCGA sarcoma database. Thus, CacyBP/SIP performs important functions in the proliferation and apoptosis of human OS cells.