Stomach ‘tastes’ the food and adjusts its emptying: A neurophysiological hypothesis (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Toma Papacocea
    • Raluca Papacocea
    • Mugurel Rădoi
    • Silviu Pițuru
    • Daniela Gabriela Balan
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: June 11, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8874
  • Pages: 2392-2395
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Abstract

The presence of taste receptors and their secondary messengers in stomach raised the possibility that the stomach might play a role in food ‘tasting’ and consequently, it might initiate specific adaptations of its secretory and motor function. Furthermore, activated taste receptors release a variety of chemical mediators able to modulate the activity of the enteric nervous system (ENS), and also to influence both secretory and motor functions of the stomach. Based on the physiological fundamental structure of a reflex arch, the stimulation of the gastric taste receptors activates sensory neurons of the gastric wall, continues with motor neurons which initiate the contraction of the local smooth muscle fibers. Beyond this, compounds which act on different taste receptors initiate different responses, stimulatory or inhibitory. These interactions may be translated in the gastric ability to selectively evacuate different nutritive compounds into the duodenum. Consequently, sugars could be favored to the detriment of other compounds.

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September-2020
Volume 20 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

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Spandidos Publications style
Papacocea T, Papacocea R, Rădoi M, Pițuru S and Balan DG: Stomach ‘tastes’ the food and adjusts its emptying: A neurophysiological hypothesis (Review). Exp Ther Med 20: 2392-2395, 2020
APA
Papacocea, T., Papacocea, R., Rădoi, M., Pițuru, S., & Balan, D.G. (2020). Stomach ‘tastes’ the food and adjusts its emptying: A neurophysiological hypothesis (Review). Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 20, 2392-2395. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8874
MLA
Papacocea, T., Papacocea, R., Rădoi, M., Pițuru, S., Balan, D. G."Stomach ‘tastes’ the food and adjusts its emptying: A neurophysiological hypothesis (Review)". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20.3 (2020): 2392-2395.
Chicago
Papacocea, T., Papacocea, R., Rădoi, M., Pițuru, S., Balan, D. G."Stomach ‘tastes’ the food and adjusts its emptying: A neurophysiological hypothesis (Review)". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20, no. 3 (2020): 2392-2395. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8874