cAMP regulates 11β‑hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase‑2 and Sp1 expression in MLO‑Y4/MC3T3‑E1 cells
- Di Liu
- Yaoqing Wang
- Zhenyu Pan
- Zhen Huang
- Fan Chen
Affiliations: Department of Orthopedics, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430071, P.R. China
- Published online on: June 25, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8942
Copyright: © Liu
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
terms of Creative
Commons Attribution License.
Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
This article is mentioned in:
11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-2 (11β-HSD2) is one of the key enzymes in glucocorticoid metabolism, which can inactivate local corticosterone and regulate the level of active glucocorticoid in tissues. The expression of 11β-HSD2 and its regulatory pathway serve an important role in the apoptosis of steroid induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (SANFH). The present study aimed to identify the regulatory effects of cAMP on the expression of Sp1 transcription factor (Sp1) and 11β-HSD2 in osteocytes at the cellular level. Murine long bone osteocyte Y4 (MLO‑Y4) clone cells and mouse embryo osteoblast‑like (MC3T3‑E1) cells were cultured in vitro with adenylate cyclase activator or inhibitor (forskolin and SQ22536, respectively) to investigate the effects of alterations to intracellular cAMP levels. mRNA and protein expression levels of Sp1 and 11β-HSD2 were detected by reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR and western blotting, respectively. Compared with the negative control group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of Sp1 were significantly increased in the activation group, whereas Sp1 expression levels were significantly decreased in the inhibition group. Similarly, compared with the negative control group, the mRNA and protein expression levels of 11β-HSD2 were significantly increased in the activator group, but significantly decreased in the inhibitor group. The aforementioned results indicated that intracellular cAMP levels significantly regulated the expression of Sp1 and 11β-HSD2 in mouse osteocytes and osteoblasts. Therefore, the present study suggested a potential therapeutic strategy for the prevention of osteonecrosis of the femoral head.