Effects of Vortioxetine on depression model rats and expression of BDNF and Trk B in hippocampus

  • Authors:
    • Baomin Sun
    • Yanhua Lv
    • Hua Xu
    • Chunhua Qi
    • Cuiping Li
    • Pengfei Liu
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 21, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.9026
  • Pages: 2895-2902
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Abstract

Effects of Vortioxetine on the expression of brain‑derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and tyrosine kinase B (Trk B) in hippocampus of depressive rats were investigated. Forty-five SD rats were randomly divided into three groups: model control, Vortioxetine and normal control group, with 15 rats in each group. The changes of body mass were recorded within 5 weeks, and the open field test, sugar water preference test and Morris water maze test were performed to evaluate the behavior and mental status of the rats. The expression of BDNF and Trk B in rat hippocampus was detected by enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay. Compared with the model control group, the body mass, horizontal and vertical movement, sugar and water preference rate of the vortioxetine group in the 5th week were significantly higher than those of the model control group (P<0.05), and significantly lower than those of the normal control group (P<0.05). The escape latency of the Vortioxetine group within 4 days was significantly lower than that of model control group (P<0.05), but higher than that of normal control group (P<0.05). The target quadrant residence time of the Vortioxetine group was significantly lower than that of the model control group (P<0.05), but higher than that of the normal control group (P<0.05). Expression of BDNF and Trk B in the Vortioxetine group was significantly higher than that in the model control group (P<0.05), but lower than that of the normal control group (P<0.05). Collectively, Vortioxetine can effectively alleviate the symptoms of autonomous and exploratory behavior, and reduce the decrease of learning and memory in depressive rats. Vortioxetine can increase the expression of BDNF and Trk B in depressive rats and alleviate their depressive behavior.

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September-2020
Volume 20 Issue 3

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Online ISSN:1792-1015

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Spandidos Publications style
Sun B, Lv Y, Xu H, Qi C, Li C and Liu P: Effects of Vortioxetine on depression model rats and expression of BDNF and Trk B in hippocampus. Exp Ther Med 20: 2895-2902, 2020
APA
Sun, B., Lv, Y., Xu, H., Qi, C., Li, C., & Liu, P. (2020). Effects of Vortioxetine on depression model rats and expression of BDNF and Trk B in hippocampus. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 20, 2895-2902. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.9026
MLA
Sun, B., Lv, Y., Xu, H., Qi, C., Li, C., Liu, P."Effects of Vortioxetine on depression model rats and expression of BDNF and Trk B in hippocampus". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20.3 (2020): 2895-2902.
Chicago
Sun, B., Lv, Y., Xu, H., Qi, C., Li, C., Liu, P."Effects of Vortioxetine on depression model rats and expression of BDNF and Trk B in hippocampus". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20, no. 3 (2020): 2895-2902. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.9026