Tacrolimus dye drop treatment for the management of early post‑operative intraocular inflammation after therapeutic keratoplasty for severe infectious keratitis
- Yunxiao Zang
- Shang Li
- Fang Ruan
- Zhaochuan Liu
- Ying Jie
Affiliations: Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, P.R. China, Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing You'an Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, P.R. China
- Published online on: July 28, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.9057
Copyright: © Zang
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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The current study investigated the anti-inflammatory effect of 0.1% tacrolimus eye drops for the treatment of therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty (TPK) for severe infectious keratitis during early disease stages and reported the long‑term clinical outcomes. The present retrospective study included 20 eyes from patients diagnosed with severe keratitis who underwent TPK surgery. Patients were followed‑up for up to 12‑18 months. Tacrolimus eye drops were administered 4 times/day starting on the first day post‑surgery. Glucocorticoid eye drops were subsequently added to treatment plans one‑month post‑surgery. All patients were followed‑up for the first 3 post‑operative days, then examined once a week thereafter for the first month. In early post‑operative stages, the states of the grafts (ΔS) and the absorption of intraocular inflammation (S) were observed. ΔS was defined as the difference between the states of the grafts on the first post‑operative day (SS1d) and those at one month post‑surgery (SS1m). S was calculated as the difference between the inflammation score mean one day post‑surgery (T1d) and the mean one‑month post‑surgery (T1m). For long term clinical outcomes, graft failure rates and complications were recorded. Among the 20 eyes analyzed, the mean T1d, T1m and S were 7.4±2.06, 2.0±2.47 and 5.4±2.13 (P<0.01), respectively. The mean SS1d, SS1m and ΔS were 5.3±1.56, 3.8±1.24 and 1.5±1.5 (P<0.01), respectively. During follow‑up, there were 6 cases of corneal graft failure, 4 of which were due to immune rejection and 2 of which were due to complications. The current study concluded that tacrolimus eye drops facilitated the absorption of intraocular inflammation in the early post‑operative period of TPK and may extend long term survival of grafts in cases of severe infectious keratitis.