Clinical and surgical algorithm for managing iatrogenic bile duct injuries during laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A multicenter study
- Cosmin Moldovan
- Daniel Cochior
- Gabriel Gorecki
- Elena Rusu
- Florin-Dan Ungureanu
Affiliations: Faculty of Medicine, ‘Titu Maiorescu’ University, 040441 Bucharest, Romania, Medicine Doctoral School, ‘Titu Maiorescu’ University, 040317 Bucharest, Romania
- Published online on: September 29, 2021 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.10821
Copyright: © Moldovan
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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The present study was a multicenter, analytical, nonrandomized research on 108 cases of intraoperative vascular and bile duct lesions during laparoscopic cholecystectomies. We selected these cases from 16,559 cholecystectomies performed entirely laparoscopically or debuted laparoscopically and converted to an open approach. The study included two surgical centers labeled as primary, with extensive experience in hepato‑biliary reconstructive surgery, and four other centers labeled as secondary that referred cases to the previous two. Our study analyzed several key parameters such as the percentage of iatrogenic lesions recorded, the variability of the main biliary pathway and conformation as well as its relationship to the adjacent critical anatomical landmarks, the anatomical and physiopathological characteristics of pathology requiring surgical intervention, factors related to laparoscopic surgical technique, the surgical technique used to repair the recorded lesions, the duration of survivability and the rate of the occurring complications. Based on the analysis of these parameters, we developed a descriptive algorithm with visual representation relying on several decisional points to guide the surgeons in choosing the optimal treatment method so that patients will benefit from a favorable clinical path.