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Identification of potential novel biomarkers for abdominal aortic aneurysm based on comprehensive analysis of circRNA‑miRNA‑mRNA networks

  • Authors:
    • Tan Li
    • Tianlong Wang
    • Lirong Yan
    • Chunyan Ma
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  • Published online on: October 21, 2021     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.10903
  • Article Number: 1468
  • Copyright: © Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a life‑threatening disorder and, therefore, investigation into its underlying mechanisms in light of the competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) hypothesis has gradually increased. However, there is still lacking systematic analysis on AAA‑associated circular RNA (circRNA)‑microRNA (miRNA/miR)‑messenger RNA (mRNA) interaction networks based on bioinformatics methods. The present study attempted to identify novel molecular biomarkers for AAA by profiling circRNA‑miRNA‑mRNA networks using three public microarray datasets (GSE7084, GSE57691 and GSE144431). A total of 135 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and 142 differentially expressed circRNAs were detected using the limma R package with the statistical threshold of P<0.05 and |log2fold change (FC)| >1.5. In addition, 12 circRNA‑miRNA‑mRNA axes were identified to construct upregulated and downregulated ceRNA networks using Cytoscape. Based on molecular complex detection algorithm, (hsa_circ_0057691/0092108/0006845/0082182)‑ miR‑330‑5p‑calponin 1 (CNN1) and (hsa_circ_0061482/0011450/0008351/0004121)‑miR‑326‑CD8a molecule (CD8A) were recognized as the center axes in ceRNA networks. Reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR results verified the significant downregulation of CNN1 and upregulation of CD8A in human AAA tissues (P<0.05). In addition, four upregulated circRNA/mRNA axes, and five downregulated circRNA/mRNA axes were revealed to have possible biological functions in the pathogenesis of AAA using the Cytoscape software. Receiver operating characteristic analysis demonstrated the accuracy of these nine DEGs involved in these axes for AAA diagnosis with area under the curves >0.80. The present study revealed novel circRNA‑miRNA‑mRNA networks associated with AAA, especially for CNN1 and CD8A axes with the potential function of ‘focal adhesion’ and ‘immune response’, respectively. Overall, the present findings may provide evidence to explore the implicated ceRNAs in the molecular mechanisms and as novel biomarkers for AAA.
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Spandidos Publications style
Li T, Wang T, Yan L and Ma C: Identification of potential novel biomarkers for abdominal aortic aneurysm based on comprehensive analysis of circRNA‑miRNA‑mRNA networks. Exp Ther Med 22: 1468, 2021
APA
Li, T., Wang, T., Yan, L., & Ma, C. (2021). Identification of potential novel biomarkers for abdominal aortic aneurysm based on comprehensive analysis of circRNA‑miRNA‑mRNA networks. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 22, 1468. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.10903
MLA
Li, T., Wang, T., Yan, L., Ma, C."Identification of potential novel biomarkers for abdominal aortic aneurysm based on comprehensive analysis of circRNA‑miRNA‑mRNA networks". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 22.6 (2021): 1468.
Chicago
Li, T., Wang, T., Yan, L., Ma, C."Identification of potential novel biomarkers for abdominal aortic aneurysm based on comprehensive analysis of circRNA‑miRNA‑mRNA networks". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 22, no. 6 (2021): 1468. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.10903