Skin endometriosis: A case report and review of the literature

  • Authors:
    • Andreea-Mariana Matei
    • Ana-Maria Draghici‑Ionescu
    • Mirela Cioplea
    • Sabina Andrada Zurac
    • Daniel Boda
    • Ioana Serban
    • Constantin Caruntu
    • Mihaela Adriana Ilie
    • László Fekete Gyula
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: March 23, 2021     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.9964
  • Article Number: 532
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Abstract

Skin endometriosis is a rare disease with variable clinical and histopathological characteristics that depend on hormonal stimuli. The skin is not a common location, as most cases of endometriosis involve pelvic sites, such as the ovaries, peritoneum and bowel. However, the most common extrapelvic site affected is the abdominal wall and this location of the disease is frequently associated with obstetric and gynecologic surgery. Here we report a case of skin endometriosis emerged as a painful subcutaneous nodule located near to the left side of an obstetrical surgery procedure scar. The patient affected was a woman in her reproductive age, with a history of right ovary endometriotic cyst laparoscopically removed and histologically confirmed as a primary endometriosis. Dermatologists should be aware of this condition in any woman with a painful lump located in the proximity of a pelvic surgery‑induced scar. Its non‑specific clinical appearance may confuse the clinician and may delay the diagnosis and management.
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May-2021
Volume 21 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

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Spandidos Publications style
Matei A, Draghici‑Ionescu A, Cioplea M, Zurac SA, Boda D, Serban I, Caruntu C, Ilie MA and Gyula LF: Skin endometriosis: A case report and review of the literature. Exp Ther Med 21: 532, 2021
APA
Matei, A., Draghici‑Ionescu, A., Cioplea, M., Zurac, S.A., Boda, D., Serban, I. ... Gyula, L.F. (2021). Skin endometriosis: A case report and review of the literature. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 21, 532. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.9964
MLA
Matei, A., Draghici‑Ionescu, A., Cioplea, M., Zurac, S. A., Boda, D., Serban, I., Caruntu, C., Ilie, M. A., Gyula, L. F."Skin endometriosis: A case report and review of the literature". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 21.5 (2021): 532.
Chicago
Matei, A., Draghici‑Ionescu, A., Cioplea, M., Zurac, S. A., Boda, D., Serban, I., Caruntu, C., Ilie, M. A., Gyula, L. F."Skin endometriosis: A case report and review of the literature". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 21, no. 5 (2021): 532. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.9964