Clinical and radiomic factors for predicting invasiveness in pulmonary ground‑glass opacity
- Yutao Dang
- Ruotian Wang
- Kun Qian
- Jie Lu
- Yi Zhang
Affiliations: Department of Thoracic Surgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100053, P.R. China, Department of Radiology, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100053, P.R. China
- Published online on: September 22, 2022 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2022.11621
Copyright: © Dang
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Patients with preinvasive or invasive pulmonary ground‑glass opacity (GGO) often face different clinical treatments and prognoses. The present study aimed to identify the invasiveness of pulmonary GGO by analysing clinical and radiomic features. Patients with pulmonary GGOs who were treated between January 2014 and February 2019 were included. Clinical features were collected, while radiomic features were extracted from computed tomography records using the three‑dimensional Slicer software. Predictors of GGO invasiveness were selected by least absolute shrinkage and selection operator logistic regression analysis, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn for each prediction model. A total of 194 patients with pulmonary GGOs were included in the present study. The maximum diameter of the solid component, waveletHLL_ngtdm_Coarseness (P=0.03), waveletLHH_firstorder_Maximum (P<0.01) and waveletLLH_glrlm_LongRunEmphasis (P<0.01) were significant predictors of invasive lung GGOs. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) for the prediction models of clinical features and radiomic features was 0.755 and 0.719, respectively, whereas the AUC for the combined prediction model was 0.864 (95% CI, 0.802‑0.926). Finally, a nomogram was established for individualized prediction of invasiveness. The combination of radiomic and clinical features can enable the differentiation between preinvasive and invasive GGOs. The present results can provide some basis for the best choice of treatment in patients with lung GGOs.