NEDD4 attenuates oxidized low‑density lipoprotein‑induced inflammation and dysfunction in vascular endothelial cells via regulating APEX1 expression
- Huiyu Xu
- Lijuan Tan
- Qiaofang Qu
- Wutang Zhang
Affiliations: Department of Critical Care Medicine, Shanxi Cardiovascular Hospital, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030024, P.R. China
- Published online on: January 4, 2023 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2023.11787
Copyright: © Xu
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Atherosclerosis chiefly results from inflammation as well as vascular endothelial cell dysfunction. Methylation levels of neuronally expressed developmentally downregulated 4 (NEDD4) were found to be fortified in atherosclerosis patients and NEDD4 deficiency enhanced vascular calcification. However, the exact function of NEDD4 in inflammation and vascular endothelial dysfunction remains to be elucidated. In the present study, CCK‑8 assay was used to estimate cell viability. Reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR was adopted to examine the expression of NEDD4, inflammation‑associated enzymes and apurinic/apyrimidinic endodeoxyribonuclease 1 (APEX1). Western blotting was used to test NEDD4, endothelial nitric oxide synthase, inducible nitric oxide synthase and APEX1 protein levels. Cytotoxicity was detected by a lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) kit. Reactive oxygen species level was tested by a corresponding kit. Vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 contents were examined with ELISA. Cell adhesion assays evaluated the adhesion of endothelial cells. Co‑immunoprecipitation assay was used to test the relationship between NEDD4 and APEX1. The data revealed that NEDD4 expression rapidly declined in oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox‑LDL)‑induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Following NEDD4 overexpression, the active damage, inflammatory release and endothelial cell dysfunction in ox‑LDL‑induced HUVECs were attenuated. After co‑transfection of APEX1 interference plasmids and NEDD4 overexpression plasmids, cell damage, inflammatory release and endothelial cell dysfunction in ox‑LDL‑induced HUVECs were improved again. Taken together, NEDD4 attenuated ox‑LDL‑induced inflammation and endothelial dysfunction by regulating APEX1 expression.