Common drugs, vitamins, nutritional supplements and COVID‑19 mortality
- Steven Lehrer
- Peter H. Rheinstein
Affiliations: Department of Radiation Oncology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY 10029, USA, Severn Health Solutions, Severna Park, MD 21146, USA
- Published online on: March 1, 2021 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijfn.2021.14
Copyright: © Lehrer
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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The FDA has approved only one drug, remdesivir, for the treatment of COVID‑19. The FDA has granted an emergency use authorization for the rheumatoid arthritis treatment drug, baricitinib (Olumiant), for the treatment of COVID‑19 in some cases. For this reason, investigators have paid considerable attention to the association between commonly used drugs and the outcome of patients with COVID‑19. Aspirin and ibuprofen have been reported to reduce the mortality rate. Omeprazole can increase mortality. In addition, some studies have demonstrated that famotidine diminishes mortality, while others have indicated that famotidine leads to a poorer prognosis. The present study used UK Biobank (UKB) data to assess the association of commonly used drugs with COVID‑19 mortality. Data processing was performed on Minerva, a Linux mainframe with Centos 7.6. The UK Biobank Data Parser (ukbb_parser) was used, a python‑based package that allows easy interfacing with the large UK Biobank dataset. The results revealed that aspirin and omeprazole were associated with an elevated mortality rate. Ibuprofen‑related mortality was lower than laxative‑related mortality. Aspirin users were also significantly older than other subjects. The association with mortality of cholesterol‑lowering medications, blood pressure‑lowering medications, hormone replacement and oral contraceptives in 134 female subjects revealed insignificant variability. The association of nutritional supplements in 238 subjects with mortality indicated that variability was insignificant. The lower mortality linked to the supplementation of vitamin D and vitamin B, presumably B complex, has been previously observed. On the whole, the present study demonstrates that although some of the associations described among drugs and COVID‑19 are not novel, the utility of a new source, UKB, may prove to be useful in further examining these associations.