Evolving applications of microarray technology in postnatal diagnosis (Review)
Affiliations: Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, Korea Nazarene University, Cheonan, Republic of Korea, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chungnam National University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
- Published online on: May 9, 2012 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2012.988
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Microarray-based cytogenetics is revealing the tremendous fluidity and complexity of the human genome, and is starting to illustrate the implications of genomic variability with respect to human health and disease. In the last few years, the robustness of array-based technologies has provided accurate diagnosis and appropriate clinical management in a timely and efficient manner for identifying genomic defects of congenital and developmental abnormalities including developmental delay (DD), intellectual disability (ID), autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and/or multiple congenital anomalies (MCA). The implementation of this technology in these categories of disorders has been thoroughly evaluated and is now recommended as a first-line diagnostic approach for clinically suspected genetic disorders. However, clinical application of array-CGH in postnatal evaluation raises the debate of whether array-CGH will replace traditional cytogenetics in the near future and whether there is still a role for karyotyping and FISH. In this article, we therefore review the current status of array-based technology use for postnatal diagnosis and predict that it will replace standard cytogenetics as a first-line test for clinical evaluation in these population groups.