Open Access

The short-term effect of histone deacetylase inhibitors, chidamide and valproic acid, on the NF‑κB pathway in multiple myeloma cells

  • Authors:
    • Zhaoyun Liu
    • Qian Jing
    • Yangyang Wang
    • Yanqi Li
    • Fu Mi
    • Chenhuan Xiang
    • Rong Fu
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: October 29, 2018     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2018.3963
  • Pages: 285-293
  • Copyright: © Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

Metrics: Total Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )


Abstract

Research regarding histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors (HDACis) has garnered interest for the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). In addition, the high expression of nuclear factor (NF)‑κB in MM cells is considered an important factor in the occurrence and development of MM. The present study aimed to determine the short‑term effects of HDACis, chidamide and valproic acid (VPA), on MM cells, their effects on NF‑κB and the underlying mechanisms. The present study measured HDAC activity, and the proliferation and apoptosis of U266 and RPMI8226 MM cells following treatment with various concentrations of chidamide and VPA for 6 and 48 h. Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of phosphorylated (p)‑IκB kinase (IKK)α/β, NF‑κB p65 and inhibitor of NF‑κB (IκBα) in U266 and RPMI8226 cells at various time points following treatment with chidamide and VPA (0, 2, 4 and 6 h). The results revealed that chidamide and VPA had no significant effect on the HDAC activity, proliferation and apoptosis of cells at 6 h; however, cell HDAC activity and proliferation were inhibited, and apoptosis was induced at 48 h. Furthermore, the expression levels of IκBα were gradually increased over time, whereas the expression levels of NF‑κB p65 gradually decreased. These findings indicated that long‑term (48 h) treatment with the HDACis chidamide and VPA inhibited the proliferation and promoted the apoptosis of MM cells; however, these HDACis had little effect on cell proliferation and apoptosis in the short term (6 h). Notably, in the short term (2‑6 h), hyperactivation of NF‑κB was inhibited via the IκBα‑NF‑κB p65 pathway. These findings indicated that cell growth may be inhibited and drug susceptibility may be promoted by blocking the NF‑κB pathway at an early stage, when HDACis are combined with other drugs in the treatment of MM.
View Figures
View References

Related Articles

Journal Cover

January 2019
Volume 43 Issue 1

Print ISSN: 1107-3756
Online ISSN:1791-244X

Sign up for eToc alerts

Recommend to Library

Copy and paste a formatted citation
x
APA
Liu, Z., Jing, Q., Wang, Y., Li, Y., Mi, F., Xiang, C., & Fu, R. (2019). The short-term effect of histone deacetylase inhibitors, chidamide and valproic acid, on the NF‑κB pathway in multiple myeloma cells. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 43, 285-293. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2018.3963
MLA
Liu, Z., Jing, Q., Wang, Y., Li, Y., Mi, F., Xiang, C., Fu, R."The short-term effect of histone deacetylase inhibitors, chidamide and valproic acid, on the NF‑κB pathway in multiple myeloma cells". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 43.1 (2019): 285-293.
Chicago
Liu, Z., Jing, Q., Wang, Y., Li, Y., Mi, F., Xiang, C., Fu, R."The short-term effect of histone deacetylase inhibitors, chidamide and valproic acid, on the NF‑κB pathway in multiple myeloma cells". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 43, no. 1 (2019): 285-293. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2018.3963