Decreased collagen type III synthesis in skin fibroblasts is associated with parastomal hernia following colostomy
- Fenglin Zhao
- Fuqiang Chen
- Xin Yuan
- Yiting Liu
- Jie Chen
Affiliations: Department of Hernia and Abdominal Wall Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100043, P.R. China
- Published online on: September 2, 2019 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2019.4329
Copyright: © Zhao
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Parastomal hernia (PH) is a common complication following stoma formation. Abnormal collagen synthesis has been suggested to be involved in PH. The aim of the present study is to explore the effect and mechanism of the collagen synthesis on PH. Data from 157 patients with rectal cancer who received permanent colostomy were retrospectively collected and analyzed to identify the risk factors for PH. Primary culture of skin fibroblasts from patients with or without PH were performed. Cell viability, migration and invasion levels were detected by Cell Counting Kit‑8, and wound healing and Transwell assays, respectively. Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis assays were performed to measure the gene and protein expression levels, respectively. The risk factors of sex, body mass index, aperture size and collagen expression were closely associated with the occurrence of PH. α1 (III) procollagen expression levels were significantly increased in patients with PH, while no marked difference in α1 (I) procollagen mRNA expression levels were observed in patients with or without PH. The viability and motility of fibroblasts from the patients with hernia were suppressed. The expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)‑2 and MMP‑9 were decreased while the levels of collagen III and metalloproteinase inhibitor 1 (TIMP‑1) were increased in the fibroblasts from the patients with PH. Silencing TIMP‑1 expression promoted fibroblast migration and invasion and reversed the patterns of MMP‑2, MMP‑9 and collagen III expression in fibroblasts from the patients with PH. Decreased collagen III may inhibit the development of PH, potentially through decreases in TIMP‑1 expression. Therefore, the results from the present study may provide a novel target for PH therapy.