Changes in the expression of endothelial monocyte‑activating polypeptide II in the rat hippocampus following status epilepticus
- Chun Li
- Weining Ma
- Yajuan Zhao
- Hua Wang
Affiliations: Department of Pediatrics, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110004, P.R. China, Department of Neurosurgery, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110022, P.R. China
- Published online on: December 3, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2020.4808
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Endothelial monocyte‑activating polypeptide II (EMAP II) is a sensitive marker of neurotoxic injury, the expression of which increases significantly under conditions of stress, such as hypoxia or apoptosis. Studies have confirmed the extensive apoptosis of nerve cells in the brain following status epilepticus (SE), and the occurrence of SE can confer a hypoxic state on cells. The purpose of the present study was to observe the changes in the expression of EMAP II, and in the numbers and tight junction protein levels of microvascular endothelial cells in the hippocampus of rats with pilocarpine‑induced SE. The protein expression levels of EMAP II, CD31, zonula occludens 1 (ZO‑1) and occludin in the hippocampus were determined by immunofluorescence and western blot analyses. It was found that almost 75.6% of the rats in the SE group developed Racine stage IV‑V seizures at approximately 44.7±18.8 min after the pilocarpine administration, and the 24‑h mortality rate was almost 10.4%. The weight of the rats in the SE group was significantly decreased within 24 h following SE. Immunofluorescence staining revealed a low EMAP II expression in the hippocampus of the rats in the control group; however, the numbers of EMAP II‑positive cells were significantly increased in the SE group from 2 h to 21 days. The trend of EMAP II protein expression was consistent with that obtained with immunofluorescence staining. The numbers of CD31‑positive microvascular endothelial cells were significantly increased from 24 h to 21 days compared with the levels in the control group. The protein expression of ZO‑1 and occludin was most significantly decreased in the SE group. On the whole, the present study demonstrated that the expression of EMAP II in the rat hippocampus was upregulated in the SE model, which may promote angiogenesis and alter the TJ integrity of brain microvascular endothelial cells, with an increased number of CD31‑positive microvascular endothelial cells and a decreased expression of ZO‑1 and occludin.