Open Access

MTSS1 inhibits colorectal cancer metastasis by regulating the CXCR4/CXCL12 signaling axis

  • Authors:
    • Lei Chen
    • Qiang Chen
    • Yongyou Wu
    • Minggao Zhu
    • Jia Hu
    • Zhixiang Zhuang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: February 26, 2021     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2021.4898
  • Article Number: 65
  • Copyright: © Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

The liver is the most common site of metastasis for colorectal cancer (CRC). Metastasis suppressor 1 (MTSS1), a potential tumor suppressor gene associated with tumor metastasis, has been reported to play an important role in cancer development. The present study aimed to investigate the effects and underlying mechanisms of MTSS1 on the biological behavior of CRC cells both in vitro and in vivo. A CRC mouse model with a high liver metastatic potential was established by injecting mice with SW1116 cells, and the association between MTSS1 expression levels and the metastatic potential of forming liver metastasis lesions was subsequently analyzed. MTSS1 gain‑ and loss‑of‑function experiments were performed by transfecting the CRC cell lines, SW1116 and DLD‑1, with Plvx‑IRES‑ZsGreen1‑MTSS1 plasmid and short hairpin RNA, respectively. Cell proliferation, migration, invasion and cell cycle distribution were analyzed by MTT, Transwell and flow cytometric assays, respectively. To further determine the underlying mechanisms of MTSS1 in CRC, the expression levels of cell surface chemokine C‑X‑C receptor 4 (CXCR4) and its downstream signaling factors, Rac and cell division cycle 42 (CDC42), were analyzed with or without C‑X‑C motif chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12) stimulation. The results revealed that as the CRC metastatic potential increased, the expression levels of MTSS1 decreased. The overexpression of MTSS1 exerted an inhibitory effect on cell proliferation, migration and invasion, while the knockdown of MTSS1 exerted the opposite effects in vitro. Flow cytometric analysis and western blot analysis demonstrated that MTSS1 negatively regulated the expression levels of cell surface CXCR4 and its downstream signaling pathway activation. On the whole, the results of the present study indicate that MTSS1 may play an important negative role in CRC metastasis and the underlying mechanisms may involve the downregulation of the CXCR4/CXCL12 signaling axis.
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May-2021
Volume 47 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 1107-3756
Online ISSN:1791-244X

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Copy and paste a formatted citation
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Spandidos Publications style
Chen L, Chen Q, Wu Y, Zhu M, Hu J and Zhuang Z: MTSS1 inhibits colorectal cancer metastasis by regulating the CXCR4/CXCL12 signaling axis. Int J Mol Med 47: 65, 2021
APA
Chen, L., Chen, Q., Wu, Y., Zhu, M., Hu, J., & Zhuang, Z. (2021). MTSS1 inhibits colorectal cancer metastasis by regulating the CXCR4/CXCL12 signaling axis. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 47, 65. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2021.4898
MLA
Chen, L., Chen, Q., Wu, Y., Zhu, M., Hu, J., Zhuang, Z."MTSS1 inhibits colorectal cancer metastasis by regulating the CXCR4/CXCL12 signaling axis". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 47.5 (2021): 65.
Chicago
Chen, L., Chen, Q., Wu, Y., Zhu, M., Hu, J., Zhuang, Z."MTSS1 inhibits colorectal cancer metastasis by regulating the CXCR4/CXCL12 signaling axis". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 47, no. 5 (2021): 65. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2021.4898