miR‑4792 regulates inflammatory responses in Cryptococcus neoformans‑infected microglia

  • Authors:
    • Guotai Yao
    • Xiaoli Wang
    • Yan Wang
    • Qing Hou
    • Rui Gao
    • Yilin Wang
    • Liang Teng
    • Wenting Lin
    • Zhongzhi Wang
    • Yi Jin
    • Jianghan Chen
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: September 9, 2021     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2021.5031
  • Article Number: 198
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Abstract

Investigating the factors that influence the inflammatory response of microglial cells is crucial for understanding the pathogenesis of cryptococcal meningitis (CM). MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) play an important role in inducing host defenses and activating the immune response during microbial infection; however, the regulatory mechanisms of miRNAs in cryptococcal meningitis remain poorly defined. In a previous study, the authors assessed the miRNA profiles of THP‑1 (human acute monocytic leukemia cells) cells following Cryptococcus neoformans (C. neoformans) infection. In the present study, it was found that miR‑4792 expression was downregulated in BV2 cells infected with C. neoformans, whilst that of its target gene, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), was upregulated. Infected cells in which miR‑4792 was overexpressed exhibited a decreased EGFR transcript expression, reduced mitogen‑activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling and a decreased secretion of inflammatory cytokines. In addition, following antifungal treatment in patients with cryptococcal meningitis, the levels of miR‑4792 in the cerebrospinal fluid significantly increased, whilst the expression of EGFR significantly decreased. In addition, receiver operator characteristic analysis revealed miR‑4792 (AUCROC=0.75) and EGFR (AUCROC=0.79) as potential diagnostic markers in patients with cryptococcal meningitis.
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November-2021
Volume 48 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 1107-3756
Online ISSN:1791-244X

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Spandidos Publications style
Yao G, Wang X, Wang Y, Hou Q, Gao R, Wang Y, Teng L, Lin W, Wang Z, Jin Y, Jin Y, et al: miR‑4792 regulates inflammatory responses in <em>Cryptococcus neoformans</em>‑infected microglia. Int J Mol Med 48: 198, 2021
APA
Yao, G., Wang, X., Wang, Y., Hou, Q., Gao, R., Wang, Y. ... Chen, J. (2021). miR‑4792 regulates inflammatory responses in <em>Cryptococcus neoformans</em>‑infected microglia. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 48, 198. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2021.5031
MLA
Yao, G., Wang, X., Wang, Y., Hou, Q., Gao, R., Wang, Y., Teng, L., Lin, W., Wang, Z., Jin, Y., Chen, J."miR‑4792 regulates inflammatory responses in <em>Cryptococcus neoformans</em>‑infected microglia". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 48.5 (2021): 198.
Chicago
Yao, G., Wang, X., Wang, Y., Hou, Q., Gao, R., Wang, Y., Teng, L., Lin, W., Wang, Z., Jin, Y., Chen, J."miR‑4792 regulates inflammatory responses in <em>Cryptococcus neoformans</em>‑infected microglia". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 48, no. 5 (2021): 198. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2021.5031