Open Access

Curcumin rescues breast cells from epithelial‑mesenchymal transition and invasion induced by anti‑miR‑34a

  • Authors:
    • Marcela Gallardo
    • Ulrike Kemmerling
    • Francisco Aguayo
    • Tammy C. Bleak
    • Juan P. Muñoz
    • Gloria M. Calaf
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: December 13, 2019     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2019.4939
  • Pages: 480-493
  • Copyright: © Gallardo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Breast cancer is the most prevalent type of cancer among women worldwide and it is characterized by a high morbidity. Curcumin is a naturally occurring compound derived from the rhizome of Curcuma longa and is known to have antioxidant and anticarcinogenic properties. Emerging evidence has indicated that microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) function as oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes to control invasion and migration. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of curcumin on genes implicated in epithelial‑mesenchymal transition (EMT) and to examine the involvement of Rho‑A in the migration and invasion of MCF‑10F and MDA‑MB‑231 breast cell lines. Furthermore, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the effects of curcumin on Rho‑A and on genes involved in EMT, such as Axl, Slug and CD24 in order to determine whether the compound is able to prevent migration and invasion by targeting miRNAs as a regulator of such genes. Specifically, we focused on miR‑34a which acts as a tumor suppressor gene in human breast cell lines. The present study demonstrated that the Axl, Slug and CD24 genes were implicated in EMT, and Rho‑A was also involved in the migration and invasion of MCF‑10F and MDA‑MB‑231 cell lines. Curcumin also acted upon the miRNA as a regulator of genes implicated in EMT and upon Rho‑A as well, affecting the migration and invasion of the cells. This occurred independently of their estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PgR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) receptors in the non‑malignant MCF‑10F and malignant MDA‑MB‑231 breast cell lines, which are both negative for such receptors.
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February 2020
Volume 56 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Gallardo, M., Kemmerling, U., Aguayo, F., Bleak, T.C., Muñoz, J.P., & Calaf, G.M. (2020). Curcumin rescues breast cells from epithelial‑mesenchymal transition and invasion induced by anti‑miR‑34a. International Journal of Oncology, 56, 480-493. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2019.4939
MLA
Gallardo, M., Kemmerling, U., Aguayo, F., Bleak, T. C., Muñoz, J. P., Calaf, G. M."Curcumin rescues breast cells from epithelial‑mesenchymal transition and invasion induced by anti‑miR‑34a". International Journal of Oncology 56.2 (2020): 480-493.
Chicago
Gallardo, M., Kemmerling, U., Aguayo, F., Bleak, T. C., Muñoz, J. P., Calaf, G. M."Curcumin rescues breast cells from epithelial‑mesenchymal transition and invasion induced by anti‑miR‑34a". International Journal of Oncology 56, no. 2 (2020): 480-493. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2019.4939