Role of noncoding RNAs in cholangiocarcinoma (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Yinghao Lv
    • Zhenzhen Wang
    • Kun Zhao
    • Guokun Zhang
    • Shuai Huang
    • Yongfu Zhao
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: April 15, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2020.5047
  • Pages: 7-20
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Abstract

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a malignant tumour originating from biliary epithelial cells, and is increasing in incidence. Radical surgery is the main treatment. However, the pathogenesis of CCA is unclear. Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) are non‑protein‑coding RNAs produced by genomic transcription that include microRNAs (miRNAs), circular RNAs (circRNAs) and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). They play important roles in gene expression, epigenetic modification, cell proliferation, differentiation and reproduction. ncRNAs also serve key roles in cancer development. Numerous studies have been carried out on ncRNAs, and associated publications have shown that ncRNAs are closely associated with the physiological and pathological mechanisms of CCA. The findings of these studies can provide new insights into the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of CCA. The present review summarizes the pathophysiological mechanisms of different types of ncRNAs, including miRNAs, circRNAs and lncRNAs in CCA, and their applications in the diagnosis and treatment of CCA.

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July 2020
Volume 57 Issue 1

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Lv, Y., Wang, Z., Zhao, K., Zhang, G., Huang, S., & Zhao, Y. (2020). Role of noncoding RNAs in cholangiocarcinoma (Review). International Journal of Oncology, 57, 7-20. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2020.5047
MLA
Lv, Y., Wang, Z., Zhao, K., Zhang, G., Huang, S., Zhao, Y."Role of noncoding RNAs in cholangiocarcinoma (Review)". International Journal of Oncology 57.1 (2020): 7-20.
Chicago
Lv, Y., Wang, Z., Zhao, K., Zhang, G., Huang, S., Zhao, Y."Role of noncoding RNAs in cholangiocarcinoma (Review)". International Journal of Oncology 57, no. 1 (2020): 7-20. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2020.5047