Identification of recurrent 3q13.31 chromosomal rearrangement indicates LSAMP as a tumor suppressor gene in neuroblastoma
- Angela Martinez-Monleon
- Jennie Gaarder
- Anna Djos
- Per Kogner
- Susanne Fransson
Affiliations: Department of Laboratory Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, SE‑405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden, Childhood Cancer Research Unit, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institutet, SE‑171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
- Published online on: January 3, 2023 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2023.5475
Copyright: © Martinez-Monleon
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Neuroblastoma (NB) is a childhood malignancy of the sympathetic nervous system. NB is mainly driven by copy number alterations, such as MYCN amplification, large deletions of chromosome arm 11q and gain of chromosome arm 17q, which are all markers of high‑risk disease. Genes targeted by recurrent, smaller, focal alterations include CDKN2A/B, TERT, PTPRD and ATRX. Our previous study on relapsed NB detected recurrent structural alterations centered at limbic system‑associated membrane protein (LSAMP; HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee: 6705; chromosomal location 3q13.31), which is a gene frequently reported to be deleted or downregulated in other types of cancer. Notably, in cancer, LSAMP has been shown to have tumor‑suppressing functions. The present study performed an expanded investigation using whole genome sequencing of tumors from 35 patients, mainly with high‑risk NB. Focal duplications or deletions targeting LSAMP were detected in six cases (17%), whereas single nucleotide polymorphism‑microarray analysis of 16 NB cell lines detected segmental alterations at 3q13.31 in seven out of the 16 NB cell lines (44%). Furthermore, low expression of LSAMP in NB tumors was significantly associated with poor overall and event‑free survival. In vitro, knockdown of LSAMP in NB cell lines increased cell proliferation, whereas overexpression decreased proliferation and viability. These findings supported a tumor suppressor role for LSAMP in NB. However, the higher incidence of LSAMP aberrations in cell lines and in relapsed NB tumors suggested that these alterations were a late event predominantly in advanced NB with a poor prognosis, indicating a role of LSAMP in tumor progression rather than in tumor initiation. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated recurrent genomic aberrations of chromosomal region 3q13.31 that targeted the LSAMP gene, which encodes a membrane protein involved in cell adhesion, central nervous system development and neurite outgrowth. The frequent aberrations affecting LSAMP, together with functional evidence, suggested an anti‑proliferative role of LSAMP in NB.