Long non‑coding RNA MALAT1 serves as an independent predictive biomarker for the diagnosis, severity and prognosis of patients with sepsis

  • Authors:
    • Jianjun Chen
    • Yingfeng He
    • Liangliang Zhou
    • Yijun Deng
    • Linjie Si
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  • Published online on: January 9, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.10923
  • Pages: 1365-1373
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Abstract

The present prospective study was conducted to investigate the independent risk and predictive value of plasma long non‑coding RNA metastasis‑associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) as a biomarker for the diagnosis, severity and prognosis of sepsis. A total of 120 patients with sepsis and 60 healthy controls (HCs) were recruited. The expression levels of plasma MALAT1 were detected by quantitative PCR. The results demonstrated that the plasma levels of MALAT1 were significantly increased in patients with sepsis compared with HCs (P<0.001), in patients with septic shock compared with in patients without septic shock (P<0.001), and in non‑survivors compared with in survivors (P<0.001). MALAT1 plasma levels exhibited weak positive correlation with serum procalcitonin levels (r=0.253; P=0.005), arterial lactate levels (r=0.488; P<0.001), sepsis‑related organ failure assessment scores (r=0.566; P<0.001), and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II scores (r=0.517; P<0.001) in patients with sepsis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that high MALAT1 expression was an independent risk factor for sepsis (P<0.001), septic shock (P=0.030) and poor prognosis (P=0.015). In addition, the receiver operating characteristic curve exhibited a significant predictive value for MALAT1 in distinguishing patients with sepsis from HCs with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.910, patients with septic shock from patients without shock with an AUC of 0.836, and non‑survivors from survivors with an AUC of 0.886. In conclusion, plasma MALAT1 may serve as a biomarker for the diagnosis, severity and prognosis of sepsis.
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March 2020
Volume 21 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1791-2997
Online ISSN:1791-3004

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APA
Chen, J., He, Y., Zhou, L., Deng, Y., & Si, L. (2020). Long non‑coding RNA MALAT1 serves as an independent predictive biomarker for the diagnosis, severity and prognosis of patients with sepsis. Molecular Medicine Reports, 21, 1365-1373. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.10923
MLA
Chen, J., He, Y., Zhou, L., Deng, Y., Si, L."Long non‑coding RNA MALAT1 serves as an independent predictive biomarker for the diagnosis, severity and prognosis of patients with sepsis". Molecular Medicine Reports 21.3 (2020): 1365-1373.
Chicago
Chen, J., He, Y., Zhou, L., Deng, Y., Si, L."Long non‑coding RNA MALAT1 serves as an independent predictive biomarker for the diagnosis, severity and prognosis of patients with sepsis". Molecular Medicine Reports 21, no. 3 (2020): 1365-1373. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.10923