Open Access

Overexpression of ATG4a promotes autophagy and proliferation, and inhibits apoptosis in lens epithelial cells via the AMPK and Akt pathways

  • Authors:
    • Chufan Yan
    • Jiangyue Zhao
    • Yu Qin
    • Fangkun Zhao
    • Liyang Ji
    • Jinsong Zhang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: June 2, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.11205
  • Pages: 1295-1302
  • Copyright: © Yan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

Metrics: Total Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )


Abstract

Autophagy is a major intracellular degradation system that plays an important role in several biological processes. Although some studies indicate that autophagy may play a role in lens degradation and cataracts formation, its underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. Autophagy‑related gene 4a (ATG4a) cleaves autophagy‑related protein 8 (Atg8) near the C terminus, allowing Atg8 to conjugate with phosphatidylethanolamine via the exposed glycine; although this is pivotal in cancer development, no study has yet linked it to eye diseases. In the present study, the protein expression of ATG4a is significantly upregulated in hydrogen peroxide‑treated lens epithelial cells (HLE‑B3), indicating that ATG4a may play an important role in lens degradation. ATG4a was overexpressed using lentivirus in lens epithelial cells to observe the effect of ATG4a on various phenotypes by transmission electron microscopy, western blotting, EdU incorporation assay, flow cytometry and in situ cell death detection. The results demonstrated that the overexpression of ATG4a could promote autophagy by promoting the adenosine 5'‑monophosphate‑activated protein kinase pathway and inhibiting the Akt pathway. It also upregulated the proliferation and downregulated the apoptosis of lens epithelial cells. Overall, the present study showed that ATG4a plays a vital role in lens degradation and that it could be a potential target in cataract therapies.

Related Articles

Journal Cover

August-2020
Volume 22 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 1791-2997
Online ISSN:1791-3004

Sign up for eToc alerts

Recommend to Library

Copy and paste a formatted citation
x
APA
Yan, C., Zhao, J., Qin, Y., Zhao, F., Ji, L., & Zhang, J. (2020). Overexpression of ATG4a promotes autophagy and proliferation, and inhibits apoptosis in lens epithelial cells via the AMPK and Akt pathways. Molecular Medicine Reports, 22, 1295-1302. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.11205
MLA
Yan, C., Zhao, J., Qin, Y., Zhao, F., Ji, L., Zhang, J."Overexpression of ATG4a promotes autophagy and proliferation, and inhibits apoptosis in lens epithelial cells via the AMPK and Akt pathways". Molecular Medicine Reports 22.2 (2020): 1295-1302.
Chicago
Yan, C., Zhao, J., Qin, Y., Zhao, F., Ji, L., Zhang, J."Overexpression of ATG4a promotes autophagy and proliferation, and inhibits apoptosis in lens epithelial cells via the AMPK and Akt pathways". Molecular Medicine Reports 22, no. 2 (2020): 1295-1302. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.11205