Role of Wnt5a in periodontal tissue development, maintenance, and periodontitis: Implications for periodontal regeneration (Review)
- Xiuqun Wei
- Qian Liu
- Shujuan Guo
- Yafei Wu
Affiliations: State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, P.R. China
- Published online on: December 23, 2020 https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.11806
Copyright: © Wei
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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Commons Attribution License.
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The periodontium is a highly dynamic microenvironment constantly adapting to changing external conditions. In the processes of periodontal tissue formation and remodeling, certain molecules may serve an essential role in maintaining periodontal homeostasis. Wnt family member 5a (Wnt5a), as a member of the Wnt family, has been identified to have extensive biological roles in development and disease, predominantly through the non‑canonical Wnt signaling pathway or through interplay with the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. An increasing number of studies has also demonstrated that it serves crucial roles in periodontal tissues. Wnt5a participates in the development of periodontal tissues, maintains a non‑mineralized state of periodontal ligament, and regulates bone homeostasis. In addition, Wnt5a is involved in the pathogenesis of periodontitis. Recently, it has been shown to serve a positive role in the regeneration of integrated periodontal complex. The present review article focuses on recent research studies of Wnt5a and its functions in development, maintenance, and pathological disorders of periodontal tissues, as well as its potential effect on periodontal regeneration.