Long non‑coding RNA BANCR promotes proliferation, invasion and migration in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cells via the Raf/MEK/ERK signaling pathway
- Xiaogang Yu
- Meng Huang
- Guodong Yang
Affiliations: Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong, Sichuan 637000, P.R. China, Department of Radiology, Suining Municipal Hospital of TCM, Suining, Sichuan 629000, P.R. China
- Published online on: April 19, 2021 https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2021.12104
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Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a major histological type of esophageal cancer, identified as a leading cause of tumor‑associated death worldwide. In addition, long non‑coding RNA (lncRNA) BRAF‑activated non‑coding RNA (BANCR) expression is increased in the plasma of patients with ESCC, which can be reversed by tumor resection. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the underlying mechanism of BANCR in ESCC progression. The relative mRNA expression of BANCR was determined via reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR. The cell behaviors of Eca‑109 cells were detected using Cell Counting Kit‑8, colony formation, wound healing and Transwell chamber assays. Finally, the expression levels of proteins involved in the Raf/MEK/ERK signaling pathway and cell metastasis were analyzed with western blotting. The results revealed that lncRNA BANCR was highly expressed in ESCC cells compared with in normal esophageal cells. BANCR overexpression enhanced proliferation, migration and invasion of ESCC cells, and BANCR silencing exerted opposite effects. Moreover, BANCR overexpression induced activation of the Raf/MEK/ERK signaling pathway in ESCC cells. Notably, U0126, a specific MEK inhibitor, decreased MEK and ERK expression, and blocked the promotive effects of BANCR overexpression on the proliferation, migration and invasion of ESCC cells. Overall, lncRNA BANCR facilitated the proliferation, migration and invasion of ESCC cells via the Raf/MEK/ERK signaling pathway. Thus, lncRNA BANCR may be a promising target for inhibiting ESCC growth and metastasis.