hsa_circ_0058357 acts as a ceRNA to promote non‑small cell lung cancer progression via the hsa‑miR‑24‑3p/AVL9 axis
- Dongshan Wei
- Lifang Sun
- Wei Feng
Affiliations: Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Affiliated Hangzhou First People's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310006, P.R. China, Department of Tuberculosis, Affiliated Hangzhou Chest Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310003, P.R. China, Department of Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment, Institute of Cancer and Basic Medicine, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310000, P.R. China
- Published online on: April 20, 2021 https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2021.12109
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Abnormal circular RNAs (circRNAs) are associated with biological processes in cancer; however, the function of circRNAs remains largely unknown in non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The present study aimed to investigate the role of hsa_circ_0058357 on the progression of NSCLC. Cell proliferation, migration and apoptosis were determined using Cell Counting Kit‑8, Transwell and flow cytometry assays, respectively. Gene [circRNA and microRNA (miR)] and protein expression levels were determined via reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR and immunoblotting. A luciferase assay was employed to detect the binding of miR‑24‑3p with AVL9 cell migration associated (AVL9), while a cancer xenograft model was established to evaluate cancer growth in vivo. The results demonstrated that hsa_circ_0058357 was highly expressed in human NSCLC tissues and NSCLC cells compared with para‑cancerous tissues and human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells, respectively. Knockdown of hsa_circ_0058357 significantly suppressed cell viability, migration and tumor growth, while it promoted apoptosis in NSCLC cells. As a competing endogenous RNA, hsa_circ_0058357 knockdown contributed to the increase of miR‑24‑3p expression in NSCLC cells. Of note, overexpression of miR‑24‑3p markedly abolished the exogenous hsa_circ_0058357‑induced excessive proliferation, migration and apoptosis resistance of NSCLC cells. Mechanistically, as a signaling molecule in late secretory pathway, AVL9 was also expressed at a high level in NSCLC tissues and cells, which could be directly suppressed by miR‑24‑3p. In the tumor tissues, along with growth inhibition, hsa_circ_0058357 knockdown also mediated the elevation of miR‑24‑3p and the reduction of AVL9. Thus, it was suggested that hsa_circ_0058357 may be a crucial regulation factor in NSCLC by sponging hsa‑miR‑24‑3p, leading to a decrease in miR‑24‑3p expression, and subsequent increase in AVL9 expression. Therefore, hsa_circ_0058357 may serve as a potential target for diagnosis and gene therapy for NSCLC.