Sulforaphane protects against oxidative stress‑induced apoptosis via activating SIRT1 in mouse osteoarthritis
- Mangmang Chen
- Lipeng Huang
- Yangxun Lv
- Liubing Li
- Qirong Dong
Affiliations: Department of Orthopedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215004, P.R. China, Department of Orthopedics Surgery, The Dingli Clinical Institute of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou Central Hospital, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325000, P.R. China
- Published online on: June 28, 2021 https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2021.12251
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Osteoarthritis (OA), the most common form of human joint disease, is characterized by progressive degeneration of the articular cartilage, synovitis and subchondral osteoporosis. Chondrocyte apoptosis is the primary pathogenic mechanism of OA and is considered to be a potential therapeutic target. Sulforaphane (SFN), a dietary isothiocyanate obtained from cruciferous vegetables, has been reported to exert an anti‑apoptotic effect by activating sirtuin 1 (SIRT1). To the best of our knowledge, however, the effects of SFN on apoptotic responses in OA have not been reported. In the present study, SFN was shown to significantly inhibit chondrocyte apoptosis while enhancing expression levels of SIRT1 in a H2O2‑induced OA mouse model. The anti‑apoptotic effect of SFN was reversed by SIRT1 small interfering RNA, implying that SIRT1 exerted a protective role against the effect of SFN on chondrocytes. The expression levels of C/EBP homologous protein, 78‑kDa glucose regulated protein, Bax, Bcl‑2 and cleaved caspase 3 were found to be downregulated in SFN‑treated mice. Furthermore, SFN ameliorated cartilage degradation in the OA mouse model. These findings indicate that SFN exerted an anti‑apoptotic effect on chondrocytes and ameliorated OA in vivo by activating the SIRT1 signaling pathway.