Intra‑tumoral treatment with oxygen‑ozone in glioblastoma: A systematic literature search and results of a case series
- Richard Megele
- Markus J. Riemenschneider
- Frank Dodoo‑Schittko
- Matthias Feyrer
- Andrea Kleindienst
Affiliations: Department of Neurosurgery, Klinikum St. Marien, D‑92224 Amberg, Germany, Department of Neuropathology, Regensburg University Hospital, D‑93053 Regensburg, Germany, Medical Sociology, Institute of Epidemiology and Preventative Medicine, University of Regensburg, D‑93053 Regensburg, Germany, Department of Radiology, Klinikum St. Marien, D‑92224 Amberg, Germany
- Published online on: September 5, 2018 https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2018.9397
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Despite progress in surgery and radiochemotherapy, the prognosis of glioblastoma (GB) remains poor. GB cells exhibit a preference for hypoxia to maintain their tumor‑forming capacity. Treatment strategies utilizing oxygen (O2) or ozone (O3) and generating reactive oxygen species induce cell growth inhibition and apoptosis. The anti‑tumorigenic properties of O2‑O3 are accompanied by a key role in regulating immunogenicity. The present study reported a case series of an intra‑tumoral O2‑O3 application in recurrent GB. Following surgery in combination with standard radiochemotherapy, O2‑O3 (5 ml at 40 µg/ml) was applied every four weeks into the tumor vicinity. The patients received a median of 27 (range, 3‑44) O2‑O3 applications. In addition, a systematic literature search was performed in order to evaluate the role of O3 in the treatment of malignancies. The median overall survival rate was 40 (range, 16‑53) months. The median survival rate following the first recurrence or the initiation of the O2‑O3 treatment, respectively, was 34 (range, 12‑53) months. In one patient, a local infection and in another, hemorrhage occurred, necessitating in both the temporary removal of the reservoir. The data from the present study support the potential benefit of an intra‑tumoral O2‑O3 application in recurrent GB. The scientific literature revealed by the bibliographic search suggests that O3 may be considered a viable adjuvant therapy in oncological patients. The present study may serve as a starting point for further observational and clinical studies elucidating the cellular and systemic effects of O2 and/or O3 and demonstrating their efficacy and safety in larger patient samples.